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USDA International Meat Review


05 July 2012

USDA International Meat Review - 5 July 2012USDA International Meat Review - 5 July 2012

On June 27, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) announced they are joining forces to fight foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) on a world-wide scale, setting forth a detailed strategy to bring the disease under control.
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One main objective of the strategy is to allow FMD control through the strengthening of veterinary services. The global strategy combines two tools developed by FAO and the OIE. The OIE tool, Performance of Veterinary Services Pathway (PVS), evaluates national veterinary services with the goal of bringing them into compliance with OIE quality standards. FAO developed the Progressive Control Pathway for Foot-and Mouth Disease, or PCP-FMD. It guides countries through a series of steps to better manage FMD. The FMD Global Strategy goal is to decrease the impact of FMD globally by reducing the number of outbreaks in infected countries until they ultimately attain FMD-free status. FMD is rarely fatal but the disease can cause high mortality in young animals, weight loss, reduced milk yields and lower fertility. The global annual cost of FMD in terms of production losses and prevention by vaccination has been estimated at about $5 billion. To read the complete press release, visit the FAO website at http://www.fao.org/.

North America

On June 29, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its quarterly Hogs and Pigs report. According to the data, the U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on June 1, 2012 equaled 65.83 million head. This was 1.1 percent higher than the previous quarter and was nearly 1.0 percent more than a year ago, which continues to show slow growth. The breeding herd equaled 5.86 million head, which was slightly more than the previous quarter and was 1.0 percent more than a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs increased 1.2 percent over the previous quarter to 59.97 million head. Also, this was up almost 1.0 percent over a year ago. More specifically, market hogs and pigs weighing less than 50 pounds equaled 19.56 million head, which was 1.2 percent higher than the previous quarter but was nearly unchanged from a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs weighing 50 to 119 pounds rose 6.5 percent over the previous quarter and 1.2 percent over a year ago to 17.53 million head. The number of market hogs and pigs weighing 120 to 179 pounds totaled 12.35 million head, which was down 3.4 percent from the previous quarter but was up 1.4 percent over a year ago. Market hogs and pigs weighing more than 180 pounds equaled 10.53 million pounds, 1.5 percent less than the previous quarter and little changed from a year ago. The number of sows farrowed during the March to May time period totaled 2.92 million head. This was nearly unchanged from a year ago and accounted for 49.8 percent of the total breeding herd. During the same period, the pig crop totaled 29.44 million head, a little higher than last year. Pigs per litter totaled a record 10.09 head, compared to 10.03 a year ago. The largest hog producing state was Iowa with 19.80 million head. This was up 4.8 percent over a year ago and comprised 30.1 percent of the nation’s total herd. The number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head accounted for 47 percent of the total US hog inventory, up from 45 percent last year. The complete report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On June 22, USDA NASS published its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the numbers, cattle and calves on feed for the U.S. slaughter market for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head equaled 11.08 million head on June 1, 2012. This was 1.7 percent higher than one year ago and was 5.6 percent higher than two years ago. The number of cattle placed on feed during May rose 15.3 percent over one year ago and 2.8 percent over two years ago to 2.09 million head. More specifically, feeder cattle placements increased in each weight category over a year ago. Placements weighing less than 600 pounds totaled 520,000 head, which was 25.3 percent more than last year. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 600 to 699 pounds were up 2.8 percent over last year, amounting to 365,000 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds increased 10.4 percent over a year ago to 530,000 head. Placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds equaled 672,000 head, which was up 20.0 percent over a year ago. Meanwhile, U.S. fed cattle marketings during May totaled 2.02 million head, which was slightly higher than one year ago and was 8.0 percent higher than two years ago. The entire report can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.



On June 22, USDA NASS released its monthly Cold Storage report. According to the report, as of May 31, 2012, beef in US cold storage facilities equaled 498.6 million pounds, which was 11.4 percent higher than a year ago. Also, this was 16.9 percent higher than the five year average. More specifically, boneless beef in cold storage totaled 427.5 million pounds, 10.3 percent more than a year ago. Beef cuts in cold storage totaled 71.2 million pounds, which was up 18.1 percent over last year. In the meantime, as of May 31, 2012, the volume of pork in cold storage totaled 636.1 million pounds. This was 16.0 percent greater than a year ago and was 16.1 percent greater than the five year average. Hams in storage were up 25.8 percent over last year, totaling 129.2 million pounds. The volume of pork bellies in cold storage increased 14.3 percent over a year ago to 65.3 million pounds. Loins in storage totaled 39.9 million pounds, 30.0 percent greater than a year ago. Pork ribs in storage were up 15.7 percent over last year, totaling 91.1 million pounds. The volume of pork butts in cold storage equaled 31.7 million pounds, 15.3 percent more than a year ago. Pork trimmings in storage were up 4.2 percent over last year, totaling 53.2 million pounds. Pork variety meats in storage totaled 32.3 million pounds, 3.6 percent higher than a year ago. The volume of veal in cold storage increased 4.6 percent over last year to 4.0 million pounds. Lamb and mutton in cold storage totaled 19.7 million pounds, 30.7 percent greater than a year ago. To obtain the entire report, go to the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.



Oceania

Recently, Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) issued Australia’s red meat export data for June 2012. According to the numbers, during June, Australia’s beef and veal exports fell 6.1 percent from May to 81,586 MT. Also, this was down 5.1 percent from June 2011. More specifically, exports of frozen beef equaled 58,801 MT, which accounted for 72.1 percent of the total. Exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 22,785 MT. During June, Australia exported 30,315 MT of beef to Japan. This was down a little from the previous month and was down 4.1 percent from June 2011. During the first half of 2012, Australia’s beef exports to Japan were 9.8 percent below a year ago, totaling 150,868 MT. Japan was the primary beef export market for Australia with 33.6 percent of the total. Beef exports to the U.S. during June fell 12.1 percent from the previous month to 17,342 MT. However, this was slightly higher than June 2011. First half beef exports to the U.S. were 46.3 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 118,119 MT. During June, Australia exported 8,888 MT of beef to South Korea. This was down 2.7 percent from the previous month and was down 22.0 percent from a year ago. Year-to-date beef exports to South Korea totaled 49,759 MT, which was 32.1 percent lower than last year. Australia’s beef exports to Russia during the first half of the year equaled 21,432 MT, which was 28.2 percent less than a year ago. Overall, during the first half of 2012, Australia’s total beef and veal exports equaled 449,654 MT, which was nearly unchanged from the same period a year ago.

During June, Australia’s lamb exports fell 5.8 percent from May to 16,186 MT. However, this was up 15.3 percent over June 2011. Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East during June totaled 4,098 MT. Although this was 6.5 percent lower than the previous month, it was 49.5 percent higher than June 2011. During the first half of 2012, Australia exported 22,191 MT of lamb to the Middle East, which was 54.4 percent above last year. The Middle East was the largest lamb export market for Australia with 25.0 percent of the total. During June, Australia exported 3,391 MT of lamb to the U.S., which was up 8.7 percent over the previous month and was up 20.0 percent over June 2011. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the U.S. were 2.2 percent higher than last year, amounting to 18,501 MT. During June, Australia exported 2,370 MT of lamb to China. This was 7.7 percent lower than the previous month but was 57.8 percent higher than June 2011. During the first half of the year, Australia’s lamb exports to China equaled 13,392 MT, which was 33.0 percent greater than last year. Overall, during the first half of 2012, Australia’s total lamb exports equaled 88,777 MT, which was 18.3 percent higher than the corresponding period a year ago. Meanwhile, Australia’s mutton exports during June totaled 6,501 MT. Although this was 15.8 percent less than the previous month, it was 31.6 percent more than June 2011. During June, Australia exported 3,526 MT of mutton to the Middle East, which was 22.9 percent lower than the previous month but was 36.8 percent higher than June 2011. Total year-to-date mutton exports to the Middle East were 16.7 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 22,269 MT. The Middle East was Australia’s main mutton export market with 50.1 percent of the total. During June, Australia exported 379 MT of mutton to China, which was down 24.7 percent from the previous month but was up 180.7 percent over June 2011. During the first half, Australia’s mutton exports to China equaled 3,228 MT, 80.5 percent above a year ago. Australia’s mutton exports to the U.S. during June rose 402.9 percent over the previous month to 513 MT. Also, this was 157.8 percent more than June 2011. Year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. were 7.1 percent higher than a year ago, totaling 2,362 MT. Overall, Australia’s total mutton exports during the first half of 2012 equaled 44,451 MT, 18.4 percent higher than the same period a year ago. To obtain additional red meat statistics for Australia, visit the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

Australia’s DAFF recently issued Australia’s got meat export data for the second quarter of 2012. During the second quarter of 2012, Australia’s goat meat exports equaled 5,552 MT. This was down 3.3 percent from the previous quarter and was down 22.4 percent from a year ago. During the second quarter, Australia’s goat meat exports to the U.S. rose 36.0 percent over the previous quarter to 3,312 MT. However, this was 31.7 percent less than a year ago. Total goat meat exports to the U.S. during the first half of 2012 equaled 5,747 MT, which was 28.1 percent below a year ago. The U.S. was the main goat meat export market for Australia with 50.9 percent of the total. Australia’s goat meat exports to Taiwan during the second quarter equaled 801 MT. This was 16.1 percent higher than the previous quarter but was 23.1 percent lower than a year ago. Year-to-date goat meat exports to Taiwan were 16.9 percent below last year, totaling 1,491 MT. Taiwan was the second largest buyer of goat meat from Australia with 13.2 percent of the total. Goat meat exports to the Caribbean during the second quarter fell 57.2 from the previous quarter and 26.2 percent from a year ago to 447 MT. Total year-to-date goat meat exports to the Caribbean equaled 1,490 MT, 7.2 percent more than last year. Overall, during the first half of 2012, Australia’s goat meat exports totaled 11,296 MT, which was 11.1 percent below the corresponding period a year ago. Further data is available on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.


July 2012

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