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USDA International Meat Review


20 February 2015

USDA International Meat Review - February 2015USDA International Meat Review - February 2015


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently issued U.S. red meat trade statistics for December 2014 and for the year end. According to the numbers, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats during December totaled 100,268 MT. This was up 4.1 percent over the previous month and was down 2.1 percent from December 2013. More specifically, exports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 28,521 MT, which was 1.0 percent higher than the previous month but was 19.7 percent lower than December 2013. Exports of frozen beef totaled 38,510 MT, which was 4.7 percent higher than the previous month and was 6.1 percent higher than December 2013. Exports of beef variety meats during December rose 6.7 percent over the previous month to 29,418 MT. This was also up 12.6 percent over December 2013. During 2014, total beef variety meat exports were 5.7 percent more than 2013, amounting to 337,919 MT. Egypt was the largest beef variety meat export market for the U.S. with 36.1 percent of the total, or 122,114 MT. During December, U.S. beef exports to Mexico totaled 22,855 MT, which was 20.5 percent higher than the previous month. Total beef exports to Mexico during 2014 equaled 242,565 MT, 11.8 percent greater than 2013. Mexico was the primary beef export market for the U.S. during 2014 with 20.3 percent of the total exports. U.S. beef exports to Japan during December fell 14.4 percent below the previous month to 15,801 MT. During 2014, beef exports to Japan equaled 241,129 MT, which was 2.8 percent higher than 2013. U.S. total beef exports to Hong Kong during 2014 were 19.0 percent higher than 2013, amounting to 154,520 MT. Beef exports to Canada during 2014 were 21.2 percent lower than 2013 with 137,532 MT. Overall, during 2014, U.S. beef and veal and beef variety meat exports totaled 1,196,749 MT, which was 1.5 percent above 2013.

During December, U.S. exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 179,221 MT, which was 8.9 percent higher than November but was 4.8 percent lower than December 2013. More specifically, fresh, chilled pork exports totaled 62,006 MT, which was up 6.5 percent over the previous month but was down 7.9 percent from December 2013. Frozen pork exports totaled 56,977 MT, which was up 9.7 percent over the previous month but was down 19.2 percent from December 2013. During December, exports of pork variety meats equaled 43,431 MT. This was 10.6 percent more than the previous month and was 22.2 percent more than December 2013. During 2014, total U.S. pork variety meat exports were 11.4 percent more than 2013, totaling 480,815 MT. The largest pork variety meat export market was Mexico with 152,903 MT, or 31.8 percent of the total. During December, the U.S. exported 62,691 MT of pork to Mexico. This was 6.4 percent higher than the previous month. Total U.S. pork exports to Mexico during 2014 were 9.3 percent more than 2013, amounting to 667,770 MT. Mexico was the leading destination for U.S. pork with 31.3 percent of the total exports. U.S. pork exports to Japan during December equaled 36,342 MT, which was 7.9 percent lower than the previous month. During 2014, the U.S. exported 468,556 MT of pork to Japan, which was 10.4 percent more than 2013. During 2014, pork exports to Canada totaled 206,480 MT, which was down 8.8 percent from 2013. Overall, during 2014, U.S. exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 2,133,327 MT, which was 1.4 percent above 2013.

During December, U.S. beef and veal imports totaled 96,349 MT. This was up 11.3 percent over the previous month and was up 73.2 percent over December 2013. More specifically, fresh, chilled beef imports equaled 31,605 MT, which was 4.1 percent lower than the previous month but was 49.2 percent higher than December 2013. Frozen beef imports were 21.4 percent higher than the previous month and were 94.4 percent higher than December 2013, equaling 61,943 MT. U.S. beef imports from Australia during December were down slightly from November, totaling 38,976 MT. During 2014, the U.S. imported 360,910 MT of beef from Australia, which was 73.6 percent more than 2013. Australia was the main supplier of beef to the U.S. with 36.5 percent of the total imports. During December, the U.S. imported 16,427 MT of beef from Canada. This was 15.2 percent less than the previous month. Imports of beef from Canada during 2014 were up 11.8 percent over 2013, totaling 204,221 MT. Beef imports from New Zealand during December rose 117.3 percent over the previous month to 17,075 MT. During 2014, the U.S. imported 198,482 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was 13.5 percent higher than 2013. U.S. beef imports from Mexico during 2014 were 23.1 percent greater than 2013, amounting to 115,457 MT. Overall, during 2014, U.S. beef and veal imports totaled 989,178 MT, 31.4 percent above 2013.

U.S. pork imports during December rose 14.5 percent over the previous month to 44,601 MT. This was 36.4 percent higher than December 2013. More specifically, fresh, chilled pork imports totaled 28,090 MT, which was up 10.3 percent over the previous month and was up 34.3 percent over December 2013. Frozen pork imports totaled 12,169 MT, which was up 26.4 percent over the previous month and was up 51.7 percent over December 2013. Pork imports from Canada during December rose 14.3 percent over November to 36,199 MT. During 2014, the U.S. imported 342,432 MT of pork from Canada, which was 10.4 percent higher than 2013. Canada was the leading provider of pork to the U.S. with 78.2 percent of the total imports. During December, pork imports from Denmark totaled 2,123 MT. This was 5.9 percent more than the previous month. Pork imports from Denmark during 2014 equaled 33,500 MT, which was up 25.1 percent over 2013. Overall, during 2014, U.S. total pork imports were 15.9 percent higher than 2013, amounting to 437,925 MT. Additional U.S. trade data is available on the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats.

North America

Recently, CanFax issued Canada’s current cattle on feed numbers for terminal feedlots with 1,000 or more head in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. According to the data, Canada’s total cattle of feed on February 1, 2015 equaled 868,867 head. This was down 11.3 percent from a year ago and was down 7.0 percent from the five year average. During January, 90,564 head of cattle were placed on feed. This was 32.6 percent lower than one year ago and was 12.0 percent lower than the five year average. The number of steers placed on feed equaled 66,953, which accounted for 73.9 percent of the total. Heifers placed on feed equaled 23,611 head. Placements of feeder cattle decreased from a year ago in each weight category. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds totaled 14,725 head, which was 36.2 percent lower than a year ago. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 600 to 699 pounds were down 42.8 percent, totaling 17,159 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds decreased 23.0 percent from last year to 26,503 head. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds equaled 32,177 head, which was 31.3 percent lower than a year ago. In the meantime, during February, Canada’s fed cattle marketings totaled 109,194 head. This was down 16.5 percent from one year ago and was down 20.6 percent from the five year average. To obtain the complete report, go to the CanFax website at http://www.canfax.ca/.

Pacific Rim

Recently, Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) published Japan’s red meat import data for December 2014 and for the year end. According to the numbers, during December, Japan imported 33,944 MT of beef. This was down 17.6 percent from November and was down 12.7 percent from December 2013. More specifically, frozen beef imports totaled 15,708 MT, which was 33.2 percent lower than the previous month and was 17.8 percent lower than December 2013. Fresh, chilled beef imports rose 2.9 percent over the previous month but fell 7.6 percent from December 2013 to 18,210 MT. During 2014, Japan’s total frozen beef imports equaled 299,068 MT, which accounted for 46.3 percent of the total, while fresh, chilled beef imports equaled 219,126 MT. During December, Japan’s beef imports from Australia fell 15.1 percent from the previous month and 15.3 percent from December 2013 to 19,696 MT. During 2013, Japan’s total beef imports from Australia equaled 281,437 MT, which was 1.8 percent below 2013. Australia was the main provider of beef to Japan with 54.2 percent of the total imports. Beef imports from the U.S. during December equaled 10,769 MT. This was 26.1 percent less than the previous month and was 9.8 percent less than December 2013. Japan’s beef imports from the U.S. during 2014 were 1.3 percent higher than 2013, amounting to 188,251 MT. The U.S. market share during 2014 was 36.3 percent. During December, Japan imported 1,604 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was 21.0 percent more than the previous month but was 24.4 percent less than December 2013. During 2014, Japan imported 24,112 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was 18.0 percent less than 2013. Overall, Japan’s total beef imports during 2014 equaled 518,856 MT, 3.0 percent below 2013. During November, Japan’s beef marketings totaled 73,356 MT, which was 2.5 percent lower than the previous month and was 15.4 percent lower than a year ago. Marketings of imported beef equaled 39,130 MT, 25.3 percent less than a year ago. Marketings of domestic beef equaled 34,226 MT, nearly unchanged from a year ago. Japan’s beef stocks at the end of November equaled 136,509 MT. This was up 1.3 percent over the previous month and was up 4.1 percent over a year ago. Imported beef stocks were 5.3 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 122,938 MT. Domestic beef stocks were 5.6 percent lower than a year ago, totaling 13,571 MT.

During December, Japan imported 56,676 MT of pork. This was up 6.1 percent over the previous month but was down 10.0 percent from December 2013. Specifically, imports of frozen pork totaled 28,833 MT, which was 7.3 percent lower than the previous month and was 19.5 lower than December 2013. Imports of fresh, chilled pork totaled 27,842 MT, which was 24.9 percent higher than the previous month and was 2.4 percent higher than December 2013. During 2014, Japan’s total frozen pork imports equaled 528,858 MT, which accounted for 50.9 percent of the total, while fresh, chilled pork imports equaled 299,890 MT. During December, Japan’s pork imports from the U.S. rose 7.2 percent over November but fell 16.7 percent below December 2013 to 21,104 MT. During 2013, Japan’s pork imports from the U.S. were 1.8 percent less than 2013, amounting to 275,932 MT. The U.S. was the leading supplier of pork to Japan with 33.3 percent of the total imports. Japan’s pork imports from Canada during December equaled 12,692 MT, which was up 24.5 percent over the previous month and was slightly lower than December 2013. Total imports from Canada during 2014 equaled 147,804 MT, 4.0 percent more than 2013. During 2014, Japan imported 135,347 MT of pork from Denmark, which was 18.8 percent more than 2013. Overall, Japan’s total pork imports during 2014 equaled 828,764 MT, which was 12.3 percent higher than 2013. Japan’s pork marketing during November equaled 140,887 MT, which was 17.1 percent lower than the previous month and was 7.3 percent lower than a year ago. Imported pork marketings totaled 69,163 MT, which was 2.6 percent less than a year ago. Domestic pork marketings totaled 71,724 MT which was 11.3 percent lower than last year. At the end of November, Japan’s pork stocks equaled 203,810 MT, which was 7.6 percent lower than the previous month but was 33.2 percent higher than a year ago. Imported pork stocks totaled 184,685 MT, 39.9 percent more than a year ago. Domestic pork stocks were 9.0 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 19,125 MT. Additional data on Japan’s red meat trade can be found on the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

The Korea International Trade Association (KITA) recently published South Korea’s beef and pork import data for December 2014 and for the year end. According to the figures, during December, South Korea imported 18,139 MT of beef. This was 16.6 percent lower than November but was 8.8 percent higher than December 2013. More specifically, during December, imports of frozen beef totaled 13,994 MT, which accounted for 77.1 percent of the total. Imports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 4,145 MT. For 2013, Australia’s share of fresh, chilled beef imports was 74.3 percent. During December, South Korea’s beef imports from Australia equaled 10,492 MT. This was down 8.7 percent from the previous month and was down 4.5 percent from December 2013. During 2014, South Korea’s total beef imports from Australia were 3.5 percent above 2013, amounting to 152,346 MT. Australia was the main supplier of beef to South Korea with 54.5 percent of the total imports. Beef imports from the U.S. during December fell 31.4 percent from the previous month to 5,937 MT. However, this was 43.6 percent more than December 2013. Total beef imports from the U.S. during 2014 equaled 101,775 MT, which was 10.4 percent more than 2013. The U.S. was the second leading provider of beef to South Korea with 36.4 percent of the total imports. During 2014, South Korea imported 22,064 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was 12.9 percent lower than 2013. Overall, South Korea’s total beef imports during 2014 equaled 279,706 MT, which was 4.5 percent more than 2013. Meanwhile, during December, South Korea imported 34,738 MT of pork. This was 6.1 percent more than the previous month and was 64.0 percent more than December 2013. During December, pork imports from the U.S. fell 21.5 percent from November to 7,027 MT. However, this was up 30.9 percent over December 2013. During 2014, South Korea imported 108,061 MT of pork from the U.S., which was 7.0 percent above a year ago. The U.S. was the largest pork import market for South Korea with 29.8 percent of the total. During December, South Korea imported 6,825 MT of pork from Germany. This was slightly higher than the previous month and was 160.6 percent higher than December 2013. Pork imports from Germany during 2014 were 102.6 percent greater than 2013, amounting to 65,512 MT. Overall, during 2014, South Korea’s total pork imports equaled 362,978 MT, which was 24.0 percent above 2013. Additional data can be found on the KITA website at http://www.kita.org/.

Oceania

Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) recently published Australia’s red meat export data for January 2015. According to the numbers, during January, Australia’s beef and veal exports totaled 67,537 MT, which was down 41.5 percent from the previous month and was down 2.8 percent from January 2014. More specifically, exports of frozen beef equaled 48,732 MT, which accounted for 72.2 percent of the total. Exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 18,804 MT. During January, Australia exported 25,809 MT of beef to the U.S., which was 36.8 percent lower than the previous month but was 86.6 higher than January 2014. Beef exports to the U.S. comprised 38.2 percent of the total. Australia’s beef exports to Japan were 42.3 percent less than the previous month, totaling 15,501 MT. However, this was little changed from January 2014. Beef exports to Japan during January accounted for 23.0 percent of the total. During January, Australia exported 7,474 MT of beef to South Korea. This was 47.7 percent lower than the previous month and was 26.8 percent lower than January 2014.

During January, Australia exported 15,412 MT of lamb. This was down 25.3 percent from the previous month and was down 8.4 percent from January 2014. Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East during January equaled 4,835 MT. This was 16.7 percent lower than the previous month but was 4.1 percent higher than January 2014. The Middle East was Australia’s largest lamb export market with 31.4 percent of the total. Lamb exports to the U.S. during January rose slightly over the previous month to 3,490 MT. This was 1.8 percent more than January 2014. The U.S. accounted for 22.6 percent of the total exports. During January, Australia’s lamb exports to China totaled 2,035 MT, which was down 9.2 percent from the previous month and was down 27.9 percent from January 2014. Meanwhile, during January, Australia’s mutton exports equaled 14,571 MT. This was 28.3 percent less than the previous month and was 10.9 percent less than January 2014. Australia’s mutton exports to the Middle East during January fell 13.4 percent from the previous month to 4,398 MT. However, this was up 1.3 percent over January 2014. The Middle East was Australia’s primary market for mutton exports with 30.2 percent of the total. Mutton exports to China during January totaled 4,275 MT, which was down 29.3 percent from the previous month and was down 11.7 percent from January 2014. China was the second largest market with 29.3 percent of Australia’s mutton exports. During January, Australia exported 1,263 MT of mutton to the U.S. This was 22.2 percent lower than the previous month but was 29.9 percent higher than January 2014. Further data concerning Australia’s red meat exports can be found on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

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