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USDA International Egg and Poultry

08 January 2015

USDA International Egg and Poultry 6 January 2015USDA International Egg and Poultry 6 January 2015

USDA International Egg and Poultry


The United States (U.S.) continues to export mostly broiler meat to Canada when comparing poultry products during recent JanuaryOctober time frames. From January-October 2014 82% of U.S. poultry product exports to Canada was broiler meat compared to 70% in 2004 for the same time frame. So far for 2014 U.S. exports of egg products is the only poultry category that has increased above 2013 while the other categories have declined for the January-October time frame.

U.S. poultry product imports of fresh and frozen whole fowl and fowl cuts, fresh and frozen whole turkeys and turkey cuts, and egg products continued to be dominated by Canada. Total U.S. imports from Canada for January-October 2014 on fresh and frozen whole and cut fowls are down 7%, fresh and frozen whole and cut turkeys up 39%, and egg products 2% higher than the same period in 2013.

On December 1, 2014 avian influenza (AI) was identified on a turkey farm in British Columbia. On December 4, 2014 the AI outbreak was confirmed as highly-pathogenic H5N2. The virus contains segments from the Eurasian H5N8 virus, including the H5 gene and segments from North American viruses, including the N2 gene. This is the first time a European high pathogenic virus has cause an AI outbreak in poultry in North America. In order to help prevent the spread of the virus the Canadian Government has established a control zone in British Columbia with movement of captive birds, poultry products and by-products, and material that has come in contact with captive birds in and out of the zone requiring a permit.

Low pathogenic AI outbreaks in Canada have occurred in Manitoba in 2010 and British Columbia in 2009. The most serious outbreak happened in 2004 in British Columbia resulting the destruction of 15-17 million birds. To date 11 farms in British Columbia have been affected by the outbreak, or over 245,000 birds. British Columbia in 2013 had 337 chicken producers, 64 turkey producers, 38 hatching egg producers and 133 egg producers. So far the AI outbreak has affected less than 1% of Canada’s poultry production.

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