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USDA International Meat Review


09 January 2015

USDA International Meat Review - 8 January 2015USDA International Meat Review - 8 January 2015


USDA International Meat Review

North America

On December 19, USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the numbers, cattle and calves on feed for the U.S. slaughter market for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.88 million head on December 1, 2014. Although this was up 1.4 percent over one year ago, it was down 4.2 percent from two years ago. The number of cattle placed on feed during November declined 4.0 percent from one year and 7.8 percent from two years ago to 1.79 million head. This was the second lowest placements for the month of November since the series began in 1996. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds equaled 550,000 head, which was 5.2 percent lower than last year. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 600 to 699 pounds were down 13.7 percent from a year ago, totaling 440,000 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds totaled 362,000 head, which was 2.8 percent more than a year ago. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds increased 3.5 percent over last year to 440,000 head. Meanwhile, fed cattle marketings during November totaled 1.48 million head. This was down 11.1 percent from one year ago and was down 16.2 percent from two years ago. November marketings are the lowest since the series began. The complete report can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On December 23, USDA NASS released its Quarterly Hogs and Pigs report. According to the data, on December 1, 2014, the U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs totaled 66.05 million head. This was up 1.4 percent over the previous quarter and was up 2.0 percent over a year ago. The breeding herd totaled 5.97 million head, which was slightly higher than the previous quarter and was 3.7 percent higher than a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs rose 1.5 percent over the previous quarter to 60.08 million head. Also, this was up 1.8 percent over a year ago. More specifically, market hogs and pigs weighing less than 50 pounds equaled 19.03 million head, which was down 2.5 percent from the previous quarter but was up 3.5 percent over a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs weighing 50 to 119 pounds was 5.8 percent less than the previous quarter but was 3.4 percent more than a year ago, totaling 19.03 million head. Market hogs and pigs weighing 50 to 119 pounds equaled 16.63 million head, which was down 5.8 percent from the previous quarter but was up 3.4 percent over a year ago. Market hogs and pigs weighing 120 to 179 pounds totaled 12.64 million head. This was 5.2 percent higher than the previous quarter and was a little higher than a year ago. Market hogs and pigs weighing more than 180 pounds totaled 11.79 million head, which was 17.6 percent higher than the previous quarter but was 1.5 percent lower than a year ago. During the September to November timeframe, sows farrowed totaled 2.87 million head, which was 3.3 percent more than last year. This accounted for 48.1 percent of the total breeding herd. During the same time frame, the pig crop equaled 29.37 million head, which was 4.0 percent more than a year ago. Pigs per litter numbered 10.23 head, up from 10.16 a year ago. Iowa remained the largest hog producing state with 20.90 million head. This was 3.5 percent higher than a year ago and comprised 31.6 percent of the total inventory. North Carolina had the second largest inventory with 8.60 million head. This was up 1.2 percent over last year and accounted for 13.0 percent of the total U.S. herd. The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head accounted for 46 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, down from 48 percent last year. The entire report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On December 22, USDA NASS released its monthly Cold Storage report. According to the report, as of November 30, 2014, beef in U.S. cold storage facilities equaled 396.6 million pounds. This was 12.0 percent less than a year ago and was 10.0 percent less than the five year average. More specifically, boneless beef in cold storage totaled 361.1 million pounds, which was 11.4 percent lower than a year ago. Beef cuts in cold storage equaled 35.5 million pounds, 17.8 percent less than a year ago. Meanwhile, at the end of January, 485.8 million pounds of pork was in U.S. cold storage. This was down 11.1 percent from the previous year and was down 4.8 percent from the five year average. Specifically, the volume of hams in storage equaled 96.2 million pounds, which was 17.1 percent lower than a year ago. The volume of pork bellies in storage was 29.9 percent below a year ago, totaling 33.9 million pounds. Pork loins in storage equaled 33.4 million pounds. 17.2 percent less than a year ago. The volume of ribs in storage was down 26.3 percent from a year ago, amounting to 72.9 million pounds. Pork butts in cold storage totaled 22.1 million pounds, which was 10.9 percent higher than a year ago. Pork trimmings in storage totaled 41.0 million pounds, which was up 6.2 percent over a year ago. The volume of pork variety meats in cold storage was 14.3 percent more than a year ago, totaling 32.8 million pounds. Veal in U.S. cold storage equaled 5.3 million pounds, which was 65.7 percent greater than a year ago. Lamb and mutton in cold storage totaled 31.4 million pounds, 44.5 percent higher than a year ago. To obtain the entire report, go to the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

The U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), a division of the Department of Homeland Security, recently published data for U.S. beef imports under a tariff rate quota (TRQ). According to the numbers, as of December 29, 2014, U.S. beef imports under a TRQ equaled 903,488 MT. This was 30.9 percent greater than a year ago. U.S. imports of beef from Australia totaled 344,629 MT, which was 71.4 percent greater than a year ago. This filled 91.1 percent of Australia’s TRQ, compared to 53.2 percent during 2013. Imports of beef from Canada, which are not subject to a TRQ, were up 9.6 percent over a year ago, amounting to 189,614 MT. Beef imports from New Zealand were 10.4 percent higher than a year ago, totaling 186,248 MT. This filled 87.3 percent of the TRQ, up from 79.0 percent a year ago. Imports of beef from Mexico equaled 108,106 MT, 23.8 percent above a year ago. Mexico is not subject to a TRQ. Beef imports from Uruguay were nearly unchanged from a year ago, amounting to 19,192 MT. This filled 95.8 percent of the country’s TRQ, compared to 95.7 percent a year ago. Beef imports from Argentina remain banned due to continued concerns with foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). The weekly report can be found on the CBP website at http://www.cbp.gov/trade/quota/commodity-graph-report 

Oceania

According to recent statistics from Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF), during the fourth quarter of 2014, Australia’s goat meat exports totaled 9,937 MT. This was up 1.3 percent over the previous quarter but was down 3.7 percent from a year ago. During the final quarter of 2014, Australia’s goat meat exports to the U.S. equaled 5,301 MT, which was 4.7 percent less than the previous quarter but was 22.3 percent more than a year ago. During 2014, Australia’s total goat meat exports to the U.S. were 23.3 percent above 2013. The U.S. was the primary destination for Australia’s goat meat exports with 53.4 percent of the total. Goat meat exports to Taiwan during the fourth quarter totaled 1,128 MT. This was 47.6 percent higher than the previous quarter but was 12.7 percent lower than a year ago. Total goat meat exports to Taiwan during 2014 equaled 5,075 MT, which was 31.4 percent more than 2013. Taiwan was Australia’s second largest goat meat export market with 14.2 percent of the total. During the fourth quarter, goat meat exports to the Caribbean equaled 519 MT, which was down 32.0 percent from the previous quarter and was down 36.6 percent from a year ago. During 2014, Australia’s goat meat exports to the Caribbean totaled 2,389 MT, which was 6.1 percent below 2013. During 2014, goat meat exports to Canada were 16.9 percent higher than 2013, totaling 2,217 MT. Additional data on Australia’s goat meat market is available on the DAFF website at http://www.agriculture.gov.au/home.

Recently, Australia’s (DAFF) published Australia’s red meat export data for December 2014 and the year-end. According to the statistics, during December, Australia exported 115,457 MT of beef and veal. This was 2.7 percent more than the previous month and was 19.8 percent more than December 2013. More specifically, frozen beef exports equaled 87,859 MT, which comprised 76.1 percent of the total. Fresh, chilled beef exports equaled 27,598 MT. During 2014, Australia’s exports of frozen beef totaled 979,109 MT, while exports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 307,899 MT. Australia’s beef exports to the U.S. during December rose 4.4 percent over November to 40,815 MT. Also, this was 130.6 percent higher than December 2013. During 2014, Australia’s total beef exports to the U.S. equaled 397,889 MT, which was 87.1 percent above 2013. The U.S. was the leading market for Australia’s beef exports during 2014 with 30.9 percent of the total. During December, Australia exported 26,845 MT of beef to Japan. This was 1.0 percent higher than the previous month and was 17.3 percent higher than December 2013. Beef exports to Japan during 2014 were up 1.7 percent over 2013, totaling 293,778 MT. During December, Australia’s beef exports to South Korea equaled 14,301 MT, which was up 4.5 percent over the previous month but was down 11.8 percent from December 2013. Total beef exports to South Korea during 2014 were 4.5 percent more than 2013, amounting to 150,918 MT. Overall, during 2014, Australia’s total beef and veal exports equaled 1,287,008 MT, 17.1 percent greater than 2013.

During December, Australia’s lamb exports rose 8.1 percent over November and 2.1 percent over December 2013 to 20,636 MT. Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East during December equaled 5,802 MT, which was 9.8 percent higher than the previous month and was 20.1 percent higher than December 2013. During 2014, Australia’s total lamb exports to the Middle East equaled 64,238 MT, 7.5 percent greater than 2013. The Middle East was Australia’s leading destination for lamb exports with 27.1 percent of the total. During December, Australia exported 3,465 MT of lamb to the U.S. This was 13.2 percent less than the previous month and was 5.1 percent less than December 2013. Lamb exports to the U.S. during 2014 reached 46,224 MT, 18.0 percent higher than 2013. Lamb exports to China during December totaled 2,242 MT, which was down 22.2 percent from the previous month and was down 38.2 percent from December 2013. Australia’s lamb exports to China during 2014 totaled 38,842 MT, which was 1.7 percent less than 2013. Overall, during 2014, Australia’s lamb exports equaled 236,954 MT, 10.9 percent above 2013. Meanwhile, during December, Australia’s mutton exports totaled a record high 20,309 MT. This was up 11.5 percent over the previous month and was up 9.5 percent over December 2013. Mutton exports to the Middle East during December totaled 5,077 MT, which was 7.9 percent higher than November and was 47.2 percent higher than December 2013. During 2014, Australia’s total mutton exports to the Middle East were 29.1 percent greater than 2013, totaling 52,831 MT. The Middle East was Australia’s primary buyer of mutton with 28.4 percent of the total exports. During December, Australia exported 6,047 MT of mutton to China. This was down 2.5 percent from the previous month and was down 18.7 percent from December 2013. Total mutton exports to China during 2014 were 13.5 percent below 2013, equaling 50,064 MT. Mutton exports to the U.S. during December fell 6.3 percent from the previous month to 1,623 MT. However, this was 164.3 percent higher than December 2013. During 2014, mutton exports to the U.S. totaled 13,273 MT, 51.7 percent more than 2013. Overall, during 2014, Australia’s total mutton exports equaled 185,992 MT, which was 8.1 percent above 2013. Additional data on Australia’s export market is available on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

 

 

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