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USDA International Meat Review


02 September 2014

USDA International Meat Review - 28 August 2014USDA International Meat Review - 28 August 2014


USDA International Meat Review

North America

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently published statistics for U.S. lamb, sheep and goat meat trade. The data includes fresh, chilled and frozen product, as well as carcasses, cuts and bone-in and boneless product. According to the numbers, during the second quarter of 2014, U.S. exports of lamb and sheep meat totaled 800 MT. This was 24.3 percent more than the previous quarter but was 7.5 percent less than a year ago. Lamb and sheep meat exports to Mexico during the second quarter rose 37.1 percent over the previous quarter to 445 MT. Also, this was up 1.8 percent over a year ago. During the first half of 2014, U.S. lamb and sheep meat exports to Mexico totaled 770 MT, which was 33.6 percent lower than a year ago. Mexico was the leading lamb and sheep meat export market for the U.S. with 53.3 percent of the total. During the second quarter, the U.S. exported 87 MT of lamb and sheep meat to Canada. This was 24.0 percent less than the previous quarter and was 21.5 percent less than a year ago. Total year-to-date lamb and sheep meat exports to Canada were 5.4 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 202 MT. Overall, during the first half of 2014, U.S. lamb and sheep meat exports totaled 1,445 MT, which was down 21.5 percent from the same period a year ago. In the meantime, during the second quarter of the year, the U.S. imported 20,173 MT of lamb and sheep meat. This was 8.9 percent higher than the previous quarter and was 13.0 percent higher than a year ago. Lamb and sheep meat imports from Australia during the second quarter rose 4.6 percent over the previous quarter to 14,457 MT. Also, this was 24.8 percent greater than a year ago. During the first half of the year, the U.S. imported 28,278 MT of lamb and sheep meat from Australia, which was 14.2 percent higher than last year. Australia was the main supplier of lamb and sheep meat to the U.S. with 73.1 percent of the total imports. Lamb and sheep meat imports from New Zealand during the second quarter equaled 5,575 MT. Although this was up 22.2 percent over the previous quarter, it was down 8.6 percent from a year ago. Total year-to-date lamb and sheep meat imports from New Zealand equaled 10,139 MT, 19.5 percent below a year ago. Overall, U.S. total lamb and sheep meat imports during the first half of 2014 equaled 38,699 MT, 3.0 percent more than the corresponding period a year ago. Meanwhile, during the second quarter of 2014, the U.S. imported 4,233 MT of goat meat. This was 5.6 percent less than the previous quarter but was a little more than a year ago. Goat meat imports from Australia during the second quarter equaled 4,153 MT. This was down 6.7 percent from the previous quarter but was up 1.6 percent over a year ago. First half goat meat imports from Australia were 2.9 percent above last year, amounting to 8,605 MT. Australia was the primary source of U.S. goat meat imports with 98.7 percent of the total. Overall, U.S. total goat meat imports during the first half of 2014 equaled 8,716 MT, which was 2.4 percent more than the same period a year ago. Further data can be found on the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

Recently, Statistics Canada published Canada’s Livestock Estimates, July 1, 2014. According to the numbers, on July 1, 2014, Canada’s cattle inventory equaled 13.33 million head. This was 1.4 percent lower than one year ago and was 1.4 percent lower than two years ago, continuing the decline in the cattle herd. The majority of Canada’s cattle herd was located in the province of Alberta with 5.47 million head, or 41.0 percent of the total inventory. Alberta’s cattle inventory was 1.2 percent less than a year ago. Combined the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan contained 8.32 million head of cattle, which was 62.4 percent of Canada’s total cattle inventory. This was 1.5 percent lower than last year. The number of beef cows totaled 3.92 million head, which was down 1.0 percent from one year ago and was down a little from two years ago. The number of heifers over 12 months fell 2.3 percent from one year ago and fell 2.7 percent from two years ago to 2.7 million head. As of July 1, farms with cattle and calves numbered 81,975. This was down 1.6 percent from one year ago and was down 2.9 percent from two years ago. During the first half of 2014, Canada’s cattle slaughter totaled 1.35 million head, which was 6.1 percent higher than one year ago but was 3.8 percent lower than two years ago.

Canada’s hog and pig inventory on July 1, 2014 equaled 12.94 million head. This was down a little from the previous report but was up 1.3 percent over a year ago. The province with the greatest hog and pig inventory was Quebec with 4.27 million head, or 33.0 percent of the total. Quebec’s inventory was up 3.0 percent over a year ago. Canada’s breeding inventory totaled 1.22 million head. This was a slightly higher than the previous report and was slightly higher than a year ago. On July 1, Canada’s pig inventory equaled 11.71 million head. This was a little lower than the previous report but was 1.4 percent higher than a year ago. The number of sows farrowed during the first half of 2014 totaled 1.26 million head, which was down 1.6 percent from a year ago. Pigs born during the first half numbered 15.21 million head, 1.2 percent lower than a year ago. On July 1, 2014, there were 7,035 hog farms, which was nearly 1.0 percent less than one year ago and was 2.3 percent less than two years ago. Canada’s hog slaughter during the first half of 2014 equaled 9.73 million head, 1.9 percent lower than one year ago and 3.1 percent lower than two years ago.

As of July 1, 2014, Canada’s total sheep and lamb herd equaled 1.10 million head. This was down 2.3 percent from one year ago and was down 3.4 percent from two years ago. The largest concentration of Canada’s sheep herd was in the province of Ontario with 336,000 head, or 30.6 percent of the total. This was 4.3 percent less than a year ago. The province with the second greatest number of sheep was Quebec with 264,000 head, or 24.0 percent. The number of sheep one year of age or older equaled 588,000 head, which was down 1.1 percent from one year and was down 2.7 percent from two years ago. The number of lambs under one year of age totaled 511,700 head. This was 3.7 percent lower than one year ago and was 4.7 percent lower than two years ago. During the first half of 2014, Canada’s sheep slaughter totaled 83,434 head, which was slightly higher than one year ago and was 7.7 percent higher than two years ago. To obtain all the complete Canada livestock inventory reports, go to the Statistics Canada website at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/.

On August 22, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its semi-annual reports, U.S. and Canadian Cattle and U.S. and Canadian Hogs. According to the data, as of July 1, 2014, total cattle and calves in the U.S. and Canada equaled 108.33 million head. There is no comparison to a year ago since USDA NASS did not collect the data. Compared to two years ago, this was down 4.6 percent. Cows and heifers that have calved totaled 43.87 million head, which was 3.6 percent less than two years ago. The beef cow inventory was down 4.8 percent from two years ago, totaling 33.66 million head. The combined calf crop during 2013 equaled 38.45 million head, a little less than 2012. In the meantime, the total hog and pig inventory for the U.S. and Canada equaled 75.06 million head. This was 3.7 percent lower than one year ago and was 5.3 percent lower than two years ago. The number of hogs kept for breeding totaled 7.08 million head. This was down slightly from one year ago but was unchanged from two years ago. Market hogs equaled 67.99 million head, which was 4.0 percent less than one year ago and was 5.8 percent less than two years ago. The number of sows farrowed totaled 6.93 million head, which was up slightly over one year ago but was down 2.1 percent from two years ago. The combined pig crop of both countries totaled 68.12 million head, which was 3.9 percent less than one year ago and was 5.3 percent less than two years ago. To obtain the entire reports, which are a joint effort between NASS and Statistics Canada, visit the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

CanFax recently issued Canada’s current cattle on feed numbers for terminal feedlots with 1,000 or more head in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. According to the data, Canada’s total Cattle on Feed on August 1, 2014 equaled 674,366 head, which was 5.4 percent more than one year ago and was 4.4 percent more than the five year average. During July, 33,361 head of cattle were placed on feed. This was down 28.8 percent from one year ago and was down 44.8 percent from the five year average. Also, this was a record low. The number of steers placed on feed equaled 21,086 head, which accounted for 63.2 percent of the total. Heifers placed on feed totaled 12,275 head. Placements of feeder cattle declined in each weight category. Specifically, feeder cattle placements weighing less than 600 pounds totaled 2,135 head, which was 34.3 percent lower than a year ago. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were down 12.6 percent from last year, amounting to 1,223 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 head decreased 37.9 percent from a year ago to 3,265 head. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds totaled 26,738 head, which was 27.6 percent lower than a year ago. Meanwhile, during July, Canada’s fed cattle marketings fell slightly from one year ago to 143,270 MT. Also, this was down 17.4 percent from the five year average. The complete report can be found on the CanFax website at http://www.canfax.ca/.

On August 22, USDA NASS published its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the numbers, cattle and calves on feed for the U.S. slaughter market for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 9.84 million head on August 1, 2014. This was 1.9 percent lower than one year ago and was 7.7 percent lower than two years ago. The number of cattle placed on feed during July fell 7.4 percent from one year ago and fell 18.8 percent from two years ago to 1.56 million head. Also, this was the lowest placements for the month of July since the series began in 1996. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds totaled 425,000 head, which was 9.0 percent more than a year ago. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were down 3.7 percent from last year, totaling 260,000 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds equaled 355,000 head, which was 20.2 percent lower than last year. Finally, placements weighing more than 800 pounds were 10.2 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 520,000 head. In the meantime, fed cattle marketings during July equaled 1.79 million head. This was down 9.3 percent from one year ago and was down 6.6 percent from two years ago. Also, this was the lowest marketings for the month of July since the series began in 1996. The complete report can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Pacific Rim

The Korea International Trade Association (KITA) published South Korea’s beef and pork import data for July 2014. According to the numbers, during July, South Korea imported 28,589 MT of beef, which was the largest single month volume since January 2013. This was 27.4 percent higher than June and was 38.3 percent higher than July 2013. More specifically, imports of frozen beef equaled 24,497 MT, which comprised 85.7 percent of the total. Imports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 4,092 MT. Beef imports from Australia during July rose 18.2 percent over the previous month and 31.6 percent over July 2013 to 14,888 MT. Total year-to-date beef imports from Australia were 12.9 percent above last year, amounting to 89,589 MT. Australia was the leading provider of beef to South Korea with 53.7 percent of the total imports. During July, South Korea imported 10,924 MT of beef from the U.S. This was up 39.4 percent over the previous month and it was up 56.4 percent over July 2013. Total year-to-date beef imports from the U.S. equaled 61,456 MT, 20.8 percent more than last year. Beef imports from New Zealand during July rose 38.8 percent over the previous month to 2,393 MT. Also, this was 13.3 percent higher than July 2013. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand were 12.5 percent lower than last year, amounting to 14,024 MT. Overall, South Korea’s total year-to-date beef imports equaled 166,708 MT, which was 12.7 percent more than the same period a year ago. In the meantime, during July, South Korea imported 34,973 MT of pork, which was the highest single month volume since April 2012. This was up 45.5 percent over the previous month and was up 37.8 percent over July 2013. South Korea’s pork imports from the U.S. during July equaled 8,403 MT, which was a little higher than the previous month and was 2.2 percent higher than July 2013. Year-to-date pork imports from the U.S. totaled 70,154 MT, which was 2.1 percent below a year ago. The U.S. was South Korea’s main source for pork imports with 34.3 percent of the total. Pork imports from Germany during July rose 100.8 percent over the previous month and 156.7 percent over July 2013 to a record 8,146 MT. Total year-to-date pork imports from Germany were 86.7 percent greater than last year, amounting to 33,702 MT. During July, South Korea imported 2,283 MT of pork from Canada, which was 19.2 percent lower than the previous month and was 22.3 percent lower than July 2013. Year-to-date pork imports from Canada totaled 19,258 MT, 20.6 percent less than last year. Overall, South Korea’s total year-to-date pork imports equaled 204,690 MT, which was 11.5 percent above the same period a year ago. Additional data on South Korea’s red meat trade is available on the KITA website at http://www.kita.org/.

Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) recently issues Japan’s beef and pork import statistics for June 2014. According to the data, during June, Japan imported 44,195 MT of beef. This was 7.8 percent more than May and was 23.3 percent more than June 2013. More specifically, imports of frozen beef equaled 25,822 MT, which was 13.1 percent higher than the previous month and was 29.1 percent higher than June 2013. Likewise, imports of fresh, chilled beef were 1.1 percent higher than the previous month and were 15.8 percent higher than June 2013, totaling 18,304 MT. During June, Japan’s beef imports from Australia equaled 24,430 MT, which was up 15.9 percent over the previous month and was up 34.2 percent over June 2013. During the first half of the year, beef imports from Australia were 4.7 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 129,486 MT. Australia was Japan’s main source for beef imports with 54.6 percent of the total. Beef imports from the U.S. during June fell 8.3 percent from the previous month to 15,102 MT. However, this was up 10.4 percent over June 2013. Total year-todate beef imports from the U.S. were 14.2 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 85,953 MT. The U.S. was Japan’s second leading beef import market with 36.2 percent of the total. During June, Japan imported 2,224 MT of beef from New Zealand. This was down 9.7 percent from the previous month and was down 2.3 percent from June 2013. Year-todate beef imports from New Zealand totaled 13,628 MT, which was 14.5 percent less than last year. Overall, Japan’s total beef imports during the first half of 2014 equaled 237,319 MT, which was 2.3 percent lower than the same period a year ago. During May, Japan’s beef marketings equaled 71,436 MT. This was down 6.7 percent from the previous month but was nearly unchanged from a year ago. Marketings of imported beef were 4.1 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 42,664 MT. Domestic beef marketings totaled 28,772 MT, 7.0 percent higher than last year. At the end of May, Japan’s beef stocks totaled 103,934 MT. This was down 2.5 percent from the previous month but was up 7.7 percent over a year ago. Stocks of imported beef totaled 92,582 MT, 9.4 percent higher than last year. Domestic beef stocks were down 4.2 percent from a year ago, amounting to 11,352 MT.

During June, Japan imported 66,237 MT of pork. Although this was down 8.5 percent from the previous month, it was up 26.0 percent over June 2013. More specifically, imports of frozen pork totaled 44,426 MT, which was 2.1 percent lower than the previous month but was 47.8 percent higher than June 2013. Imports of fresh, chilled pork totaled 21,811 MT, which was 19.3 percent lower than the previous month and was 3.1 percent lower than June 2013. During June, Japan imported 21,569 MT of pork from the U.S. This was 15.3 percent less than May but was 4.3 percent more than June 2013. Pork imports from the U.S. during the first half of the year totaled 137,088 MT, which was 2.9 percent below a year ago. The U.S. was the leading supplier of pork to Japan with 34.5 percent of the total imports. Pork imports from Canada during June fell 17.1 percent from the previous month to 11,342 MT. However, this was 15.7 percent higher than June 2013. Year-to-date pork imports from Canada were 8.8 percent more than last year, totaling 72,646 MT. During June, Japan imported 10,400 MT of pork from Denmark. This was 5.7 percent lower than the previous month but was 56.1 percent higher than June 2013. Pork imports from Denmark during the first half of the year equaled 65,544 MT, which was up 19.4 percent over a year ago. Overall, during the first half of 2014, Japan’s pork imports totaled 397,192 MT, which was 10.3 percent above the same period a year ago. During May, Japan’s pork marketings totaled 132,072 MT, which was 10.1 percent less than the previous month and was 5.4 percent less than a year ago. Marketings of imported pork were 4.3 percent lower than last year, amounting to 60,928 MT. Domestic pork marketings equaled 71,144 MT, 6.2 percent less than last year. At the end of May, Japan’s pork stocks totaled 176,360 MT, which was up 7.4 percent over the previous month but was down slightly from a year ago. Stocks of imported pork totaled 155,720 MT, which was nearly unchanged from a year ago. Domestic pork stocks were 9.2 percent less than last year, amounting to 20,640 MT. Additional data can be found on the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

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