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USDA International Egg and Poultry

25 June 2014

USDA International Egg and Poultry: Turkey Poultry and Egg SituationUSDA International Egg and Poultry: Turkey Poultry and Egg Situation

Turkey’s poultry and egg industry grew in 2013, compared to the previous year. The number of poultry was 4.9% higher on December 31, 2013 when compared to December 31, 2012. The number of broiler hens increased by 5%, the number of laying hens was up 4.8%, the number of turkeys was 6% higher, ducks increased by 3.1% and geese increased 11.7%.
USDA International Egg and Poultry

Between January and December 2013, total chicken meat production rose 2.0% (1.76 million tons in 2013 compared to 1.72 million tons in 2012). Turkey meat production fell 5.5% (36,627 tons in 2013 compared to 41,931 tons in 2012). Total poultry meat production reached 1.80 million tons in 2013, up 1.8%. The production of eggs has outpaced the production of poultry meat. Provisional data from the Turkish Statistical Institute showed egg production increasing 10.6% in 2013 compared to the previous year (16.5 billion vs. 14.9 billion eggs).

Domestic poultry consumption decreased 3% in 2013 because of negative publicity against poultry consumption. Medical doctors who have little background in nutrition, food science or related topics go on TV, including morning programs that are highly viewed by housewives, and alter the consumption patterns of families. The other group of consumers, who are usually classified as A class consumers, living in the cities with high revenues have become extra careful about their diets and have a tendency to eat fewer processed goods. They are showing a preference for boutique products. The most damaging statement against poultry was the alleged abuse of hormones in production. These doctors have expressed disbelief in the science behind the production of poultry and that new breeds have high performance converting feed into meat in shorter periods of time. Although domestic poultry consumption has decreased, poultry exports were very strong and are expected to be strong in 2014 as well. The poultry promotion group has targeted Japan as a new market for Turkish poultry exports.

Source: Turkish Statistical Institute (TURKSTAT); USDA FAS GAIN Report TR4009

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