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USDA International Egg and Poultry

09 July 2014

USDA International Egg and Poultry: ChinaUSDA International Egg and Poultry: China

China is the world’s largest grower of egg laying hens and has been the largest producer of eggs for the last 28 years. In 2012 the United States (U.S.) was a distant second behind China.
USDA International Egg and Poultry

China commanded 39% of the world’s egg laying hens in 2012 compared to 5% for the US Meanwhile, China’s egg laying hens grew 3% in 2012 from 2011 while the US stayed unchanged and the total number of laying hens in the world grew 2%.

Even as the number of China’s laying hens rose 24% from 2004-2012, total egg and egg product imports also increased. From 2007-2011 China’s total egg and egg product imports increased 17% while total egg and egg product exports decreased 15%.

Shell eggs were China’ biggest egg and egg product category by volume for both imports and exports from 2007-2011. Shell egg imports into China continued a long term trend for 2011 and increased 9% from 2010 and up 17% since 2007. China’s shell egg exports are unchanged for 2011 from 2010, but 15% lower than 2007. In 2011 China’s dried egg imports increased 20% and liquid egg imports declined 1% while dried egg exports dropped 26% and liquid egg exports increased 14% from 2010.

In 2011 the US was China’s number one source of shell eggs and liquid egg imports and the number 2 source for dried egg imports. The US in 2011 was the number 2 export destination for China’s shell egg exports after Singapore and the number 2 export destination for China’ liquid egg exports after Iran. The US ranked 9th in China’s export destinations of dried eggs.

Over the last 10 years January-May total US egg product imports and exports have been erratic to and from China. For 2014 the US January-May cumulative total egg product imports from China are up 146% while total cumulative US egg product exports for January-May are down 82% from the same comparable time frames in 2013.

In an effort to stabilize egg prices by increasing liquidity and promote stable development in the egg industry, the China Securities Regulatory Commission endorsed the Dalian Commodity Exchange to initiate egg futures trading. The first egg futures traded in November 2013.

China has passed national standards for liquid and powdered eggs and are awaiting approval by the Standard Administration of China. The final reading for the standards occurred in October 2013. The International Egg Commission standard of egg products was used as reference for the Chinese National Standards draft. China did not previously have a National Standard for liquid eggs.

Sources: FAOSTAT, FAO Statistics Division 2014, 03 and 05 July 2014; Department of Commerce, US Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Statistics/USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service; The Poultry Site

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