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USDA International Meat Review


09 May 2014

USDA International Meat Review - 8 May 2014USDA International Meat Review - 8 May 2014


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

Recently, the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) released U.S. red meat export and import data for March 2014. According to the statistics, during March, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats equaled 93,380 MT. This was 8.7 percent higher than the previous month and was 11.7 percent higher than March 2013. More specifically, fresh, chilled beef exports totaled 28,132 MT, which was down nearly 1.0 percent from the previous month and was down 3.8 percent from March 2013. Frozen beef exports totaled 34,134 MT, which was up 17.1 percent over the previous month and was up 15.9 percent over March 2013. During March, the U.S. exported 27,100 MT of beef variety meats. This was 10.7 percent more than the previous month and was 22.7 percent more than March 2013. During the first quarter of 2014, total beef variety meat exports equaled 81,572 MT, which was 11.2 percent more than last year. Egypt was the largest market for beef variety meat exports with 41.0 percent, or 33,404 MT. During March, U.S. beef exports to Mexico totaled 19,495 MT, which was 12.0 percent higher than the previous month. During the first quarter of the year, total beef exports to Mexico were 40.5 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 57,132 MT. Mexico was the primary U.S. beef export market with 20.6 percent of the total. Beef exports to Japan during March rose 15.8 percent over February to 16,649 MT. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan totaled 46,680 MT, 21.3 percent above a year ago. During March, the U.S. exported 12,224 MT of beef to Hong Kong. This was 21.9 percent greater than the previous month. Year-to-date beef exports to Hong Kong were 57.8 percent above a year ago, totaling 35,059 MT. Overall, during the first quarter of 2014, U.S. total beef and veal and beef variety meat exports equaled 277,083 MT, which was 8.0 percent more than the same period a year ago.

During March, U.S. exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats totaled 206,006 MT. This was 15.0 percent more than the previous month and was 28.5 percent more than March 2013. More specifically, fresh, chilled pork exports equaled 59,098 MT, which was up 2.1 percent over the previous month and was up 16.2 percent over March 2013. Frozen pork exports equaled 86,297 MT, which was up 19.9 percent over the previous month and was up 35.7 percent over March 2013. During March, the U.S. exported 44,152 MT of pork variety meats. This was 17.8 percent higher than the previous month and was 54.4 percent higher than March 2013. During the first quarter of 2014, U.S. pork variety meat exports totaled 120,425 MT, 8.8 percent higher than last year. Mexico was the largest buyer of U.S. pork variety meats with 30.7 percent, or 36,912 MT. U.S. pork exports to Mexico during March totaled 53,254 MT. This was up 1.0 percent over the previous month. During the first quarter, total pork exports to Mexico were 22.9 percent above last year, amounting to 164,670 MT. Mexico was the primary U.S. pork export market with 28.7 percent of the total. U.S. pork exports to Japan during March equaled 45,322 MT, which was 27.0 percent more than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to Japan totaled 120,054 MT, which was 10.9 percent greater than last year. Pork exports to China during March rose 15.4 percent over the previous month to 33,853 MT. Year-to-date pork exports to China totaled 89,472 MT, 15.3 percent higher than a year ago. Overall, during the first quarter of 2014, U.S. exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats totaled 573,250 MT, 10.7 percent above the corresponding period a year ago.

During March, U.S. beef and veal imports equaled 82,118 MT. This was 43.0 percent higher than the previous month and was 13.0 percent higher than March 2013. More specifically, fresh, chilled beef imports totaled 35,392 MT, which was up 47.7 percent over the previous month and was up 23.2 percent over March 2013. Likewise, frozen beef imports were up 39.9 percent over the previous month and were up 5.9 percent over March 2013, totaling 44,123 MT. During March, the U.S. imported 21,570 MT of beef from New Zealand. This was 28.9 percent more than February. During the first quarter, the U.S. imported 52,169 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was 5.5 percent less than a year ago. New Zealand was the leading source for U.S. beef imports with 26.1 percent of the total. Beef imports from Canada during March rose 43.7 percent over the previous month to 21,125 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from Canada equaled 50,009 MT, 10.2 percent more than last year. During March, beef imports from Australia totaled 20,587 MT, 90.2 percent more than the previous month. During the first quarter, the U.S. imported 49,426 MT of beef from Australia, which was 9.0 percent higher than a year ago. Overall, during the first quarter of 2014, U.S. beef and veal imports totaled 200,179 MT, which was up 1.1 percent over the same period a year ago.

During March, U.S. pork imports totaled 34,479 MT. This was 25.1 percent higher than the previous month and was 13.6 percent higher than March 2013. More specifically, imports of fresh, chilled pork rose 27.8 percent over the previous month and 12.0 percent over March 2013 to 21,867 MT. Imports of frozen pork totaled 8,920 MT, which was up 18.9 over the previous month and was up 24.1 percent over March 2013. U.S. pork imports from Canada during March equaled 27,174 MT, 22.0 percent higher than February. During the first quarter, the U.S. imported 73,375 MT of pork from Canada, which was nearly unchanged from a year ago. Canada was the main supplier of pork to the U.S. with 79.6 percent of the total imports. During March, the U.S. imported 3,551 MT of pork from Denmark. This was 68.5 percent higher than the previous month. Total year-to-date pork imports from Denmark were 27.0 percent above last year, amounting to 8,300 MT. Overall, during the first quarter of 2014, U.S. total pork imports equaled 92,145 MT, which was 3.6 percent greater than the same period a year ago. Additional U.S. trade data is available on the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

North America

On April 25, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) published its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the data, on April 1, 2014, cattle and calves on feed for the U.S. slaughter market in feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.86 million head. This was down a little from one year ago and was down 5.4 percent from two years ago. The number of cattle placed on feed during March fell 4.7 percent from one year ago to 1.80 million head. This was nearly unchanged from two years ago. Steer and steer calves on feed totaled 7.07 million head, which was 2.2 percent more than last year and accounted for 65.1 percent of the total. Heifer and heifer calves on feed totaled 3.71 million head, which was 5.9 percent less than a year ago. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds equaled 425,000 head, which was 3.7 percent higher than last year. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were down 7.9 percent from a year ago, totaling 290,000 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds equaled 465,000 head, which was 13.1 percent less than last year. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds decreased 1.4 percent from a year ago to 615,000 head. In the meantime, U.S. fed cattle marketings during March equaled 1.66 million head. This was down 3.7 percent from one year ago and was down 13.5 percent from two years ago. Also, this was the lowest marketings for March since the series began in 1996. The complete report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On April 24, USDA NASS released its Livestock Slaughter report. According to the numbers, during the first quarter of 2014, U.S. cattle slaughter totaled 7.25 million head. This was 8.2 percent less than the previous quarter and was 5.2 percent less than a year ago. Beef production during the first quarter fell 8.6 percent from the previous quarter and 4.9 percent from a year ago to 5.79 billion pounds. At the end of March, live cattle weights equaled 1,321 pounds, which was six pounds heavier than a year ago. Meanwhile, U.S. hog slaughter during the first quarter of 2014 fell 8.9 percent from the previous quarter to 26.95 million head. This was also 2.6 percent lower than a year ago. First quarter pork production fell 7.8 percent from the previous quarter to 5.75 billion pounds. This was nearly unchanged from a year ago. Live hog weights at the end of March were eight pounds heavier than last year, amounting to a record 285 pounds. Meanwhile, U.S. sheep and lamb slaughter during the first quarter fell 7.7 percent from the previous quarter to 498.8 thousand head. This was unchanged from a year ago. U.S. lamb and mutton production during the first quarter totaled 35.2 million pounds, which was a little less than the previous quarter and was 1.4 percent less than a year ago. Goat slaughter during the first quarter of 2014 equaled 103.2 thousand head, which was 24.3 percent lower than the previous quarter and was 13.0 percent lower than a year ago. To obtain the complete monthly report, visit the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

According to a USDA FAS Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) report, the government of Mexico announced changes in its importation requirements that provide expanded access for U.S. beef and beef products. Mexico will allow all beef and beef products from animals of any age slaughtered in the U.S. after May 28, 2013 as eligible to be exported to Mexico. These new rules were effective April 30, 2014. To view the report, visit the FAS website at http://gain.fas.usda.gov/.

South America

Recently, Argentina’s National Service of Health, Food and Agriculture Quality (SENASA) published Argentina’s beef export numbers for the first quarter of 2014. The figures include fresh beef, offals, processed beef and Hilton cuts. During the first quarter of 2014, Argentina’s beef exports totaled 53,213 MT. This was down 7.4 percent from the previous quarter and was down 13.1 percent from a year ago. The decrease is due to the tight supply of cattle ready for slaughter and a reduction of export permits by the Argentina’s government. Argentina’s beef exports to Russia during the first quarter equaled 11,425 MT. This was 26.8 percent lower than the previous quarter and was 13.9 percent lower than a year ago. Russia was Argentina’s leading beef export market with 21.5 percent of the total. During the first quarter, Argentina exported 9,745 MT of beef to Hong Kong, which was 10.9 percent higher than the previous quarter but was 3.0 percent lower than last year. Hong Kong was Argentina’s second largest beef export market with 18.3 percent of the total. During the first quarter, Argentina exported 6,134 MT of beef to Chile. This was down 8.0 percent from the previous quarter and was down 14.6 percent from a year ago. Beef exports to Germany during the first quarter were 12.4 percent more than the previous quarter and were 8.9 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 4,362 MT. Beef exports to Israel during the first quarter rose 180.9 percent over the previous quarter to 3,862 MT. However, this was 31.4 percent less than a year ago. During the first quarter of 2014, Argentina’s main fresh beef market was Chile with 33.0 percent of the total. Hong Kong was the leading offal export market with 32.4 percent of the total. Argentina’s largest processed beef export market was Italy with 33.4 percent of the total. The main Hilton cut export market was Germany with 62.7 percent of the total. Of Argentina’s total beef exports during the first quarter of 2014, exports of offals accounted for 55.1 percent of the total, fresh beef comprised 35.0 percent, Hilton cuts accounted for 9.1 percent of the total, and processed beef exports made up a little less than 1.0 percent of Argentina’s total exports.

Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) recently published Australia’s red meat export data for April 2014. According to the statistics, during April, Australia’s beef and veal exports fell 8.3 percent from March to 97,477 MT. However, this was up 14.2 percent over April 2013. More specifically, exports of frozen beef totaled 74,772 MT, which accounted for 76.7 percent of the total. Exports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 22,705 MT. During April, Australia exported 24,982 MT of beef to the U.S. Although, this was 17.0 percent lower than the previous month, it was 41.0 percent higher than April 2013. Total year-to-date beef exports to the U.S. equaled 92,555 MT, which was 42.8 percent greater than a year ago. The U.S. was Australia’s leading beef export market with 24.8 percent of the total. Beef exports to Japan during April fell 8.3 percent from the previous month and 10.2 percent from April 2013 to 20,747 MT. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan totaled 81,004 MT, 5.2 percent below a year ago. Year-to-date beef exports to China were 27.1 percent more than a year ago, totaling 51,195 MT. Year-to-date pork exports to South Korea totaled 47,411 MT, 24.7 percent higher than last year. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date beef and veal exports equaled 373,315 MT, which was 20.9 percent above the same period a year ago.

Australia’s lamb exports during April fell 7.4 percent from March to 17,758 MT. However, this was up 14.7 percent over April 2013. During April, Australia exported 5,056 MT of lamb to the Middle East. This was 6.4 percent higher than the previous month and was 5.4 percent higher than April 2013. Year-to-date lamb exports to the Middle East totaled 19,118 MT, which was 2.5 percent more than a year ago. The Middle East was Australia’s largest lamb export market with 26.2 percent of the total exports. Lamb exports to the U.S. during April equaled 3,097 MT, which was 24.6 percent less than the previous month but was 2.4 percent more than April 2013. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the U.S. were up 15.2 percent over last year, amounting to 14,967 MT. During April, Australia’s lamb exports to China equaled 3,098 MT. This was unchanged from the previous month but was up 31.7 percent over April 2013. Year-to-date lamb exports to China totaled 12,237 MT, which was 9.6 percent above last year. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date lamb exports equaled 73,002 MT, which was 14.9 percent more than the same period a year ago. In the meantime, during April, Australia’s mutton exports totaled 14,948 MT, which was 18.2 percent lower than March but was 5.8 percent higher than April 2013. Mutton exports to the Middle East during April fell 7.6 percent from the previous month to 5,108 MT. This was nearly unchanged from April 2013. Total year-to-date mutton exports to the Middle East were 14.9 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 20,670 MT. The Middle East was Australia’s primary mutton export market with 30.2 percent of the total. During April, Australia exported 3,264 MT of mutton to China. This was down 34.4 percent from the previous month and was down 2.2 percent from April 2013. Year-to-date mutton exports to China totaled 17,962 MT, 23.9 percent more than last year. Mutton exports to the U.S. during April fell 38.6 percent from the previous month to 1,021 MT. However, this was 28.4 percent higher than April 2013. Year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. were 37.6 percent higher than last year, totaling 5,473 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date mutton exports equaled 68,361 MT, which was 25.9 percent above the same period a year ago. To obtain additional data on Australia’s red meat exports, visit the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

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