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USDA International Egg and Poultry

02 April 2014

USDA International Egg and Poultry: EU-28 PoultryUSDA International Egg and Poultry: EU-28 Poultry

The European Commission’s “Winter 2014 Short Term Outlook for arable crops, meat and dairy markets in the European Union” was recently released. The report includes forecasts for 2014 and 2015.
USDA International Egg and Poultry

Poultry meat production continued expanding in 2013 with Germany and Poland as the main contributors (+2% and +8% respectively compared to 2012). Poultry meat production grew by 1.7% in 2013 compared to 2012 (from 12.64 million tons to 12.85 million tons). Production growth is projected to be less than 1% in 2014 and 2015. Poultry meat consumption should continue increasing due to its price competitiveness with other meats in a fragile economic context.

The EU is a net exporter and EU exports are always likely to exceed imports. Exports and imports both declined in 2013. The EU exports less popular cuts (like wings) and imports more popular cuts (like breasts). In 2013 an increasing share of exports went to Saudi Arabia and South Africa (24% of the total poultry meat exports compared to 21% in 2012). Exports to Russia, Ukraine and Belarus were all lower (-18%, -28% and -38% respectively). Exports to Russia slowed due to the Russian government policy to improve self-sufficiency. Increased competition from Brazil on the world market combined with lower Russian demand might result in lower exports in 2014 (-0.5%) before recovering in 2015.

Imports were down 6% in 2013, driven by lower shipments from South America, especially Brazil (-12%). Thai imports increased by 15% as the ban over fresh Thai chicken was removed. Imports are limited by preferential tariff quotas (TRQs).

Source: Winter 2014 Short Term Outlook for arable crops, meat and dairy markets in the European Union

EU Meat Country of Origin Labeling Rules Approved

On December 13, 2013 the EU approved Regulation 1337/2013 regarding the rules on the indication of the country of origin or place of provenance on the label of fresh, chilled and frozen meat of swine, sheep, goats and poultry. The label must include the country of rearing and the country of slaughter. It does not require the country of birth.

For poultry, the place of rearing is the Member State or third country in which the last rearing period of at least one month took place or, in case the animal is slaughtered younger than one month, the Member State or third country in which the whole rearing period after the animal was placed for fattening took place.

For more information see:


Source: EU Market Situation for Eggs, Committee for the Common Organisation of the Agricultural Markets, 20 March 2014

German Poultry Farmers and GMO-Free Feed

On February 18, 2014, the German poultry association (known under the German acronym ZDG) issued a press release backing away from its 14 year old commitment to use only non-GMO soybeans in poultry production. ZDG asserts that non-GMO soybean supplies cannot be guaranteed since Brazil, the main supplier, is likely to cut production by 50% in 2014. ZDG also said that the danger of cross-contamination between GMO and conventional crops has risen.

Germany is one of the EU’s largest poultry meat producers. In 2013, Germany produced about 1.4 million tons of poultry meat (out of total EU production of about 12.5 million tons). Germany is also one of the EU’s largest users of soybeans and soybean meal, importing about 6.8 million tons of soybeans and products in 2013 for all uses (feed, biofuels, etc.). It is estimated that German poultry farmers use over 800,000 tons of soybeans meal annually as a protein feed ingredient.

Source: USDA GAIN Report Number GM14008

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