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USDA International Meat Review


14 March 2014

USDA International Meat Review - 13 March 2014USDA International Meat Review - 13 March 2014


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently issued Livestock and Products Semi-Annual reports for the countries of Argentina, Brazil, China, EU-28, India and Mexico. The reports include summaries, outlooks, livestock inventories, consumption data and current production and supply data. Each report is available on the FAS Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) at http://gain.fas.usda.gov/.

Recently, USDA FAS released U.S. red meat export and import data for January 2014. According to the numbers, during January, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meat totaled 97,828 MT. This was down 4.3 percent from the previous month but was up 13.0 percent over a year ago. Specifically, exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 31,030 MT, which was 12.6 percent lower than the previous month and was 1.1 percent lower than a year ago. Exports of frozen beef equaled 32,817 MT, which was 9.5 percent lower than the previous month but was 13.4 percent higher than a year ago. During January, the U.S. exported 30,000 MT of beef variety meats. This was 15.2 percent more than the previous month and was 29.5 percent more than a year ago. U.S. beef exports to Mexico during January equaled 20,228 MT, which was down 17.1 percent from the previous month but was up 22.8 percent over last year. Mexico was the largest U.S. beef export market with 20.7 percent of the total. U.S. beef exports to Japan during January rose slightly over the previous month to 15,655 MT. Also, this was 53.2 percent above a year ago. During January, the U.S. exported 13,242 MT of beef to Egypt, which was 40.1 percent higher than the previous month and was 17.9 percent higher than a year ago.

During January, U.S. exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats totaled 188,117 MT. This was nearly unchanged from the previous month but was up 3.1 percent over a year ago. More specifically, exports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 66,335 MT, which was 1.9 percent lower than the previous month but was 5.5 percent higher than a year ago. Exports of frozen pork equaled 70,779 MT, which was unchanged from the previous month but was 6.1 percent higher than a year ago. During January, U.S. pork variety meat exports totaled 38,803 MT. This was 9.8 percent more than the previous month but was 2.5 percent less than a year ago. U.S. pork exports to Mexico during January equaled 58,668 MT, which was down 6.9 percent from the previous month but was up 10.0 percent over a year ago. Mexico was the primary destination for U.S. pork with 31.2 percent of the total exports. During January, the U.S. exported 39,040 MT of pork to Japan. This was 13.4 percent greater than the previous month and was 3.5 percent greater than a year ago. U.S. pork exports to China during January rose 12.8 over the previous month to 26,292 MT. This was unchanged from a year ago. During January, pork exports to Canada equaled 16,613 MT. This was 4.1 percent lower than the previous month and was 12.4 percent lower than a year ago.

U.S. beef and veal imports during January equaled 60,653 MT. This was 9.1 percent higher than the previous month but was 9.6 percent lower than a year ago. Specifically, imports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 24,070 MT, which was 13.8 percent more than the previous month and was 8.9 percent more than a year ago. Imports of frozen beef totaled 33,934 MT, which was 6.5 percent more than the previous month but was 19.6 percent less than a year ago. During January, the U.S. imported 18,015 MT of beef from Australia. This was little changed from the previous month but was down 3.5 percent from a year ago. Australia was the leading supplier of beef to the U.S. with 29.7 percent of the total. During January, the U.S. imported 14,181 MT of beef from Canada. This was up 6.1 percent over the previous month and was up 2.4 percent over last year. Beef imports from New Zealand during January rose 34.9 percent over the previous month to 13,866 MT. However, this was 15.3 percent lower than a year ago. Beef imports from Mexico during January rose 23.7 percent over the previous month to 7,678 MT. However, this was down 11.4 percent from a year ago.

U.S. pork imports during January equaled 30,111 MT. Although this was down 8.0 percent from the previous month, it was up 3.1 percent over a year ago. Specifically, fresh, chilled pork imports totaled 18,683 MT, which was 10.7 percent lower than the previous month but was a little higher than a year ago. Frozen pork imports totaled 8,202 MT, which was 2.2 percent higher than the previous month and was 13.0 percent higher than a year ago. U.S. pork imports from Canada during January equaled 23,931 MT. This was 10.4 percent less than the previous month and was 1.5 percent less than a year ago. Canada was the leading supplier of pork to the U.S. with 79.5 percent of the total imports. To obtain more data on U.S. trade, visit the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

North America

On March 5, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its reports, U.S. and Canadian Cattle and Sheep and U.S. and Canadian Hogs. According to the numbers, as of January 1, 2014, total cattle and calves in the U.S. and Canada equaled 99.95 million head. This was 1.6 percent less than one year ago and was 3.0 percent less than two years ago. Cows and heifers that have calved numbered 43.12 million head, which was slightly lower than one year ago and was 2.8 percent lower than two years ago. The beef cow inventory fell nearly 1.0 percent from one year ago and 3.5 percent from two years ago to 32.95 million head. The combined calf crops during 2013 equaled 38.42 million head, a little less than 2012. Meanwhile, the total hog and pig inventory for the U.S. and Canada equaled 78.69 million head. This was down a little from one year ago and was down a little from two years ago. The number of hogs kept for breeding totaled 6.97 million head, which was a slightly less than one year ago and was slightly less than two years ago. Market hogs totaled 71.71 million head. This was little changed from one year and from two years ago. The number of sows farrowed declined nearly 1.0 percent from one year ago and 1.8 percent from two years ago to 7.08 million head. The combined pig crops equaled 73.11 million head, which was relatively unchanged from one year ago and was unchanged from two years ago. In the meantime, the total sheep and lamb inventory in the U.S. and Canada equaled 6.10 million head. This was down 2.1 percent from one year ago and was down 2.4 percent from two years ago. The number of breeding sheep and lambs declined 2.2 percent from one year ago and declined 2.4 percent from two years ago to 4.55 million head. Replacement lambs totaled 724,000 head. This was 3.6 percent lower than one year ago and was 2.9 percent lower than two years ago. Market sheep and lambs totaled 1.55 million head, which was 2.0 percent less than one year ago and was 2.3 percent less than two years ago. The combined lamb crops during 2013 totaled 4.20 million head, which was down 2.0 percent from 2012. The complete reports, which are a joint effort between NASS and Statistics Canada, can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Statistics Canada recently issued Canada’s semi-annual Cattle Statistics report. According to the data, on January 1, 2014, Canada’s total cattle inventory equaled 12.22 million head, which was down slightly from one year ago and was nearly unchanged from two years ago. The province of Alberta had the greatest number of cattle with 5.09 million head, which accounted for 41.6 percent of the total. The inventory in Alberta was up a little over a year ago. Combined, Alberta and Saskatchewan contained 7.23 million head, which comprised 59.2 percent of Canada’s total inventory. As of January 1, Canada’s beef cow inventory totaled 3.91 million head, which was down nearly 1.0 percent from one year ago and was down 2.1 percent from two years ago. This was the ninth consecutive year of declines. The number of beef cow replacements were unchanged from one year ago but were up 4.0 percent over two years ago, totaling 542,000 head. The number of steers, over one year of age, totaled 1.24 million head, which was slightly less than one year ago and was 3.2 percent less than two years ago. Calves under one year of age numbered 3.94 million head. Although this was 1.0 percent lower than one year ago, it was 2.3 percent higher than two years ago. During 2013, Canada’s cattle slaughter totaled 2.59 million head, which was 1.0 percent less than 2012 and was 10.5 percent less than 2011.

In addition, Statistics Canada also published Canada’s semiannual Hog Statistics report. According to the data, on January 1, 2014, Canada’s hog and pig inventory totaled 12.75 million head. This was slightly higher than the July inventory and was 1.1 percent higher than a year ago. The largest concentration of hogs was located in Quebec with 4.17 million head, which made up 32.7 percent of the total inventory. Quebec’s inventory was 2.0 percent more than a year ago. In Eastern Canada, the hog inventory totaled 7.33 million head, which was 1.2 percent more than last year. In Western Canada, the hog inventory totaled 5.41 million head, which was nearly 1.0 percent higher than last year. On January 1, Canada’s total breeding stock equaled 1.22 million head, which was little changed from the July inventory and from a year ago. Sows and bred gilts numbered 1.19 million head. This was nearly unchanged from the July inventory and from a year ago. The pig inventory was slightly higher than the July inventory with 11.53 million head. Also, this was up 1.2 percent over a year ago. During the last half of 2013, 1.27 million head of sows were farrowed. This was 3.8 percent lower than the same time frame from the previous year. The number of pigs born during the last half of 2013 totaled 15.28 million head, 3.3 percent less than the prior year. Canada’s hog slaughter during 2013 equaled 19.97 million head, 1.6 percent less than one year ago and 1.5 percent less than two years ago.

Statistics Canada also released its semi-annual Sheep Statistics report. According to the numbers, Canada’s sheep and lamb inventory on January 1, 2014 totaled 893,000 head. This was down 1.0 percent from one year ago but was up slightly over two years ago. The majority of Canada’s sheep herd was located in Ontario with 270,000 head, which accounted for 30.2 percent of the total. Ontario’s inventory was slightly less than a year ago. Combined, Quebec and Ontario had 491,000 head, which comprised 55.0 percent of Canada’s sheep herd. On January 1, the number of ewes fell nearly 1.0 percent from one year ago to 557,600 head. However, this was unchanged from two years ago. Replacement lambs totaled 88,700 head. This was 2.1 percent less than one year ago but was 3.9 percent more than two years ago. Market lambs equaled 220,000 head, which was a little lower than one year ago but was 1.6 percent higher than two years ago. During 2013, Canada’s sheep and lamb slaughter totaled 168,963 head, which was 5.4 percent more than 2012 and was 10.4 percent more than 2011. To obtain each of Canada’s inventory reports, visit the Statistics Canada website at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/.

Oceania

Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) recently released Australia’s red meat export data for February 2014. According to the numbers, Australia’s beef and veal exports during February totaled 100,031 MT, which was up 43.9 percent over January and was up 24.2 percent over February 2013. More specifically, exports of frozen beef equaled 76,709 MT, which accounted for 76.7 percent of the total. Exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 23,322 MT. During February, Australia’s beef exports to Japan rose 43.1 percent over the previous month to 22,158 MT. Also, this was 4.9 percent higher than February 2013. Total year-to-date beef exports to Japan were 1.2 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 37,644 MT. Japan was Australia’s main beef export market with 22.2 percent of the total. Beef exports to the U.S. during February totaled 23,644 MT, which was the highest single month volume since March 2012. This was up 70.9 percent over the previous month and was up 38.5 percent over February 2013. Yearto- date beef exports to the U.S. totaled 37,475 MT, 29.2 percent greater than last year. During February, Australia exported 13,184 MT of beef to China, which was 31.8 percent higher than the previous month and was 11.1 percent higher than February 2013. Year-to-date beef exports to China were 42.2 percent more than last year, amounting to 23,185 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date beef and veal exports equaled 169,542 MT, which was 25.0 percent greater than the corresponding period a year ago.

During February, Australia exported 19,229 MT of lamb. This was 14.3 percent more than January and was 9.5 percent more than February 2013. Lamb exports to the Middle East during February totaled 4,664 MT, which was slightly higher than the previous month and was 2.8 percent higher than February 2013. Year-to-date lamb exports to the Middle East totaled 9,307 MT, 2.3 percent more than last year. The Middle East was the largest lamb export market for Australia with 25.8 percent of the total. During February, Australia’s lamb exports to the U.S. rose 26.4 percent over the previous month and 7.4 percent over February 2013 to 4,332 MT. Additionally, this was the single largest monthly volume since February 2009. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the U.S. equaled 7,760 MT, which was 5.1 percent greater than last year. Australia’s lamb exports to China during February equaled 3,221 MT. Although this was up 14.2 percent over the previous month, it was down 5.6 percent from February 2013. Year-to-date lamb exports to China were 1.0 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 6,042 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date lamb exports equaled 36,056 MT, 10.0 percent above the same period a year ago. Meanwhile, during February, Australia exported 18,796 MT of mutton, which was 14.9 percent higher than the previous month and was 33.3 percent higher than February 2013. Also, this was the highest monthly volume since November 2006. Mutton exports to the Middle East during February totaled 5,694 MT, the greatest monthly volume since February 2007. This was 31.2 percent more than January and was 24.0 percent more than February 2013. Total year-to-date mutton exports to the Middle East were 11.7 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 10,035 MT. During February, Australia exported 4,882 MT of mutton to China. This was up nearly 1.0 percent over the previous month and was up 28.8 percent over February 2013. Total year-to-date mutton exports to China were 25.4 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 9,724 MT. Year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. totaled 2,790 MT, 48.6 percent more than last year. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date mutton exports equaled 35,150 MT, which was 30.5 percent greater than the corresponding period a year ago. Additional data on Australia’s red meat exports is available on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

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