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USDA International Meat Review


20 January 2014

USDA International Meat Review - 16 January 2014USDA International Meat Review - 16 January 2014


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

Recently, the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) released US red meat trade data for November 2013. According to the data, during November, US exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats equaled 101,341 MT. This was down 5.7 percent from October but was up 11.2 percent over November 2012. Specifically, exports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 31,831 MT, which was 8.3 percent less than the previous month but was 5.2 percent more than November 2012. Likewise, exports of frozen beef were 5.6 percent less than the previous month but were 11.1 percent more than November 2012, totaling 36,083 MT. During November, the US exported 29,432 MT of beef variety meats, which was a little higher than the previous month and was 17.4 percent higher than November 2012. Year-todate beef variety meat exports totaled 289,692 MT, 1.7 percent lower than a year ago. Beef exports to Japan during November equaled 17,135 MT. This was down 4.8 percent from the previous month. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan were up 52.3 percent over a year ago, totaling 219,083 MT. Japan was the main US beef export market with 20.5 percent of the total. During November, US beef exports to Mexico fell 8.5 percent from the previous month to 20,114 MT. Total year-to-date beef exports to Mexico were 7.6 percent more than last year, amounting to 191,984 MT. US beef exports to Canada during November totaled 11,368 MT, which was down 22.9 percent from the previous month. Year-to-date beef exports to Canada equaled 159,887 MT, 1.3 percent less than a year ago. Overall, US total year-to-date beef and veal and beef variety meat exports equaled 1,070,542 MT, which was 2.8 percent above the same period a year ago.

During November, US exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 188,978 MT. This was up 3.0 percent over the previous month but was down 4.1 percent from November 2012. More specifically, fresh, chilled pork exports totaled 64,039 MT, which was 1.4 percent higher than the previous month and was 2.6 percent higher than November 2012. Frozen pork exports totaled 71,262 MT, which was 8.2 percent higher than the previous month but was 10.2 percent lower than November 2012. US pork variety meat exports during November fell 4.5 percent from October and 3.7 percent from November 2012 to 36,551 MT. Year-to-date pork variety meat exports totaled 395,580 MT, which was 5.6 percent more than a year ago. During November, the US exported 57,147 MT of pork to Mexico. This was up 6.1 percent over the previous month. Total year-to-date pork exports to Mexico were 1.7 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 547,041 MT. Mexico was the main pork export market for the US with 28.6 percent of the total. Pork exports to Japan during November fell 10.2 percent from the previous month to 34,356 MT. Yearto- date pork exports to Japan totaled 390,233 MT, 8.0 percent less than last year. During November, the US exported 26,593 MT of pork to China. This was a little higher than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to China were 3.6 percent lower than last year, totaling 295,051 MT. Overall, US total year-to-date exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 1,915,116 MT, which was 6.2 percent below the same period a year ago.

During November, US beef and veal imports fell 8.5 percent from the previous month to 55,759 MT. However, this was 11.1 percent higher than November 2012. Specifically, fresh, chilled beef imports totaled 25,573 MT, which was down 5.0 percent from the previous month but was up 30.3 percent over November 2012. Frozen beef imports totaled 27,518 MT, which was 9.3 percent lower than the previous month and was 2.3 percent lower than November 2012. Beef imports from Australia during November equaled 19,631 MT, which was down 1.2 percent from the previous month. Total yearto- date beef imports from Australia were 5.7 percent less than last year, amounting to 189,846 MT. Australia was the largest provider of beef to the US with 27.2 percent of the total. During November, the US imported 16,937 MT of beef from Canada, which was 2.7 percent lower than the previous month. Year-to-date beef imports from Canada totaled 169,277 MT, 2.3 percent below a year ago. Beef imports from New Zealand during November fell 34.5 percent from October to 5,384 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand equaled 164,649 MT, 7.4 percent more than last year. During November, the US imported 7,339 MT of beef from Mexico. This was 7.6 percent less than the previous month. Total year-to-date beef imports from Mexico were 6.2 percent greater than last year, amounting to 87,534 MT. Overall, US total year-to-date beef and veal imports equaled 697,054 MT, 1.0 percent more than the corresponding period a year ago.

During November, US pork imports totaled 34,999 MT, which was 6.2 percent more than the previous month and was 14.5 percent more than November 2012. More specifically, imports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 23,601 MT, which was up 8.8 percent over the previous month and was up 25.7 percent over November 2012. Likewise, imports of frozen pork increased 9.6 percent over the previous month and 4.7 percent over November 2012 to 7,863 MT. US pork imports from Canada during November totaled 29,532 MT, which was 11.3 percent higher than the previous month. Total year-todate pork imports from Canada equaled 283,548 MT, 12.1 percent more than last year. Canada was the main supplier of pork to the US with 82.1 percent of the total imports. During November, pork imports from Denmark totaled 2,021 MT, which was down 17.7 percent from the previous month. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark totaled 24,584 MT, 16.1 percent lower than last year. Overall, US total year-to-date pork imports equaled 345,207 MT, which was 9.2 percent more than the same period a year ago. Additional US trade data is available on the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

On December 23, 2013, the USDA Animal and Plant Inspection Service (APHIS) published a proposed rule in the Federal Register to amend current regulations and allow fresh beef imports, under specific conditions, from some states in Brazil. The proposed rule would allow imports of fresh, chilled or frozen beef from 14 states in Brazil. To view the complete rule, go to http://www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=APHIS-2009-0017-0010.

North America

On December 23, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its monthly Cold Storage report. According to the data, as of November 30, 2013, beef in US cold storage equaled 445.0 million pounds. This was a little more than a year ago but was 1.2 percent less than the five year average. US pork in cold storage totaled 546.3 million pounds, which was down 2.2 percent from a year ago but was up 7.7 percent over the five year average. Veal in cold storage on November 30 totaled 3.2 million pounds, which was 17.9 percent lower than last year. Lamb and mutton in storage totaled 21.8 million pounds, 15.1 percent more than a year ago. The complete report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On December 20, USDA NASS released its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the numbers, cattle and calves on feed for the US slaughter market for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.73 million head on December 1, 2013. This was down 5.5 percent from one year ago and was down 11.0 percent from two years ago. Also, this was the second lowest December 1 inventory on record. The number of cattle placed on feed during November declined 3.1 percent from one year ago and 7.6 percent from two years ago to 1.88 million head. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds equaled 585,000 head, which was 10.7 percent lower than last year. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 600 to 699 pounds were up 13.3 percent over a year ago, totaling 510,000 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds totaled 362,000 head, which was 6.0 percent less than a year ago. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds decreased 6.2 percent from last year to 425,000 head. Meanwhile, fed cattle marketings during November totaled 1.68 million head. This was down 4.5 percent from one year ago and was down 5.2 percent from two years ago. The complete report can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

According to data from USDA APHIS, as reported by the USDA Livestock, Poultry and Grain Market News (LPGMN), during 2013, US imports of feeder cattle from Canada totaled 315,628 head. This was 134.1 percent greater than 2012. Imports of slaughter steers and heifers from Canada equaled 346,620 head, which was 16.8 percent lower than 2012. During 2013, slaughter cow and bull imports were 50.1 percent greater than 2012, totaling 381,200 head. Imports of feeder pigs during 2013 from Canada equaled 4,140,606 head, 11.6 percent less than 2012. Slaughter hog imports were down 14.8 percent from 2012, totaling 782,967 head. Additionally, according to recent data from USDA LPGMN, during 2013, the US imported 974,657 head of feeder cattle from Mexico. This was down 32.6 percent from one year ago and was down 30.5 percent from two years ago due mostly to the ongoing drought in Mexico, which has caused extensive herd liquidation. To obtain each weekly report, visit the LGMN website at http://www.ams.usda.gov/LSMarketNews.

On December 27, USDA NASS released its Quarterly Hogs and Pigs report. According to the data, on December 1, 2013, the US inventory of all hogs and pigs totaled 65.94 million head. This was down 1.9 percent from the previous quarter and was down slightly from a year ago. The breeding herd totaled 5.76 million head, which was 1.0 percent lower than the previous quarter and was 1.1 percent lower than a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs fell 2.0 percent from the previous quarter to 60.18 million head. Also, this was a little lower than a year ago. More specifically, market hogs and pigs weighing less than 50 pounds equaled 19.05 million head, which was down 5.2 percent from the previous quarter and was down 1.3 percent from a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs weighing 50 to 119 pounds was 7.8 percent less than the previous quarter and was slightly less than year ago, totaling 16.67 million head. Market hogs and pigs weighing 120 to 179 pounds totaled 12.63 million head. This was slightly higher than the previous quarter but was nearly unchanged from a year ago. Market hogs and pigs weighing more than 180 pounds totaled 11.84 million head, which was 11.1 percent higher than the previous quarter but was a little lower than a year ago. During the September to November timeframe, sows farrowed totaled 2.88 million head, which was slightly less than last year. This accounted for 50.1 percent of the total breeding herd. During the same time frame, the pig crop equaled 29.30 million head, which was a little less than a year ago. Pigs per litter numbered 10.16 head, up from 10.15 a year ago. Iowa remained the largest hog producing state with 20.50 million head. This was slightly lower than a year ago and comprised 31.1 percent of the total inventory. North Carolina had the second largest inventory with 8.70 million head. This was down 3.3 percent from last year and accounted for 13.2 percent of the total US herd. The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head accounted 48 percent of the total US hog inventory, up from 47 percent last year. The entire report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Oceania

Recently, Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) published Australia’s red meat export data for December 2013 and the year-end. According to the statistics, during December, Australia exported 96,349 MT of beef and veal. Although this was 3.5 percent less than the previous month, it was 11.7 percent more than December 2012. More specifically, frozen beef exports equaled 73,692 MT, which comprised 76.5 percent of the total. Fresh, chilled beef exports equaled 22,657 MT. During 2013, Australia’s exports of frozen beef totaled 838,062 MT, while exports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 261,421 MT. Australia’s beef exports to Japan during December fell 8.5 percent from November and 1.2 percent from December 2012 to 22,882 MT. During 2013, Australia’s total beef exports to Japan equaled 288,794 MT, which was 6.4 percent below 2012. Japan was the leading market for Australia’s beef exports during 2013 with 26.3 percent of the total. During December, Australia exported 17,703 MT of beef to the US This was nearly unchanged from the previous month but was 18.8 percent lower than December 2012. Beef exports to the US during 2013 were 5.1 percent below 2012, totaling 212,702 MT. During December, Australia’s beef exports to China fell 10.8 percent from the previous month to 14,104 MT. However, this was 83.6 percent more than December 2012. Total beef exports to China during 2013 were 370.5 percent greater than 2012, amounting to 154,833 MT. Overall, during 2013, Australia’s total beef and veal exports equaled 1,099,484 MT, 14.1 percent more than 2012.

During December, Australia’s lamb exports rose 2.1 percent over November and 22.8 percent over December 2012 to 20,205 MT. Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East during December equaled 4,829 MT, which was 6.3 percent lower than the previous month but was 4.7 percent higher than December 2012. During 2013, Australia’s total lamb exports to the Middle East equaled 59,778 MT, 15.6 percent greater than 2012. The Middle East was Australia’s leading destination for lamb exports with 28.0 percent of the total. During December, Australia exported 3,630 MT of lamb to China. Although this was 8.7 percent less than the previous month, it was 26.0 percent more than December 2012. Lamb exports to China during 2013 totaled 39,535 MT, which was 33.9 percent higher than 2012. Lamb exports to the US during December totaled 3,650 MT, which was up 8.7 percent over the previous month and was up 21.9 percent over December 2012. Australia’s lamb exports to the US during 2013 reached 39,179 MT, 6.9 percent more than 2012. Overall, during 2013, Australia’s lamb exports equaled 213,713 MT, 13.3 percent above 2012. Meanwhile, during December, Australia’s mutton exports totaled a record 18,555 MT. This was 8.0 percent higher than the previous month and was 36.1 percent higher than December 2012. Mutton exports to China during December totaled a record 7,439 MT, which was up 5.1 percent over November and was up 67.7 percent over December 2012. During 2013, Australia’s total mutton exports to China were 254.0 percent greater than 2012, totaling 57,888 MT. China was Australia’s primary buyer of mutton with 33.6 percent of the total exports. During December, Australia exported 3,449 MT of mutton to the Middle East. Although this was 16.6 percent more than the previous month, it was 18.9 percent less than December 2012. Total mutton exports to the Middle East during 2013 were 12.4 percent below 2012, equaling 40,910 MT. Mutton exports to the US during December rose 10.2 percent over the previous month and 11.2 percent over December 2013 to 614 MT. During 2013, mutton exports to the US totaled 8,747 MT, 17.0 percent higher than 2012. Overall, during 2013, Australia’s total mutton exports equaled 172,045 MT, which was 61.2 percent above 2012. Additional data on Australia’s export market is available on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

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