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USDA International Meat Review


22 November 2013

USDA International Meat Review - 21 November 2013 USDA International Meat Review - 21 November 2013


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

Recently, the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) released U.S. red meat export and import data for September 2013. According to the numbers, during September, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats equaled 94,699 MT. This was 20.4 percent lower than the previous month but was 4.6 percent higher than September 2012. Specifically, exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 32,678 MT, which was down 21.0 percent from the previous month but was up 19.7 percent over September 2012. Exports of frozen beef equaled 34,189 MT, which was down 21.1 percent from the previous month but was nearly unchanged from September 2012. During September, the U.S. exported 23,954 MT of beef variety meats. This was 21.5 percent less than the previous month and was 7.7 percent less than September 2012. During the first three quarters of the year, U.S. beef variety meat exports were 4.4 percent below a year ago, amounting to 230,974 MT. Egypt was the largest beef variety meat export market with 88,125 MT, or 38.2 percent of the total. During September, the U.S. exported 17,058 MT of beef to Japan, which was 39.1 percent lower than the previous month. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan totaled 183,944 MT, 51.8 percent greater than last year. Japan was the main beef export market for the U.S. with 21.3 percent of the total. Exports of beef to Mexico during September fell 10.9 percent from August to 18,990 MT. During the first three quarters of the year, beef exports to Mexico totaled 149,887 MT, which was 1.2 percent lower than a year ago. Total year-to-date beef exports to Canada were 6.8 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 133,777 MT. Overall, U.S. total beef and veal and beef variety meat exports during the first three quarters of 2013 equaled 861,727 MT, which was 1.5 percent higher than the same period a year ago.

During September, U.S. exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats totaled 163,918 MT. This was down 6.7 percent from August and was down 9.3 percent from September 2012. Specifically, exports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 55,294 MT, which was 9.1 percent lower than the previous month and was 7.3 percent lower than September 2012. Exports of frozen pork equaled 60,569 MT, which was slightly lower than the previous month and was 16.0 percent lower than September 2012. During September, U.S. exports of pork variety meats fell 19.5 percent from the previous month and 4.8 percent from September 2012 to 31,912 MT. During the first three quarters of the year, pork variety meat exports were 10.0 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 320,750 MT. China was the leading U.S. pork variety meat export market with 119,399 MT, which accounted for 37.2 percent of the total. Pork exports to Mexico during September equaled 49,220 MT, 9.1 percent lower than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to Mexico totaled 436,025 MT, which was slightly more than last year. Mexico was the main U.S. pork export market with 28.3 percent of the total. During September, the U.S. exported 32,740 MT of pork to Japan. This was down 9.7 percent from the previous month. During the first three quarters of the year, pork exports to Japan were 7.7 percent less than last year, totaling 317,608 MT. Total year-to-date pork exports to China equaled 241,980 MT, which was 1.3 percent lower than a year ago. Overall, U.S. total exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats during the first three quarters of 2013 equaled 1,542,733 MT, which was 5.4 percent below the corresponding period year ago.

U.S. beef and veal imports during September fell 6.5 percent from August to 52,176 MT. However, this was up 9.4 percent over September 2012. More specifically, fresh, chilled beef imports totaled 24,366 MT, which was a little higher than the previous month and was 22.7 percent higher than September 2012. Frozen beef imports totaled 24,907 MT, which was 12.5 percent lower than the previous month and was 2.0 percent lower than September 2012. During September, the U.S. imported 5,979 MT of beef from New Zealand. This was 47.5 percent less than the previous month. During the first three quarters of the year, the U.S. imported 151,045 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was 6.5 percent greater than last year. New Zealand was the primary source for U.S. beef imports with 26.0 percent of the total. U.S. beef imports from Australia during September equaled 16,489 MT, which was 8.0 percent more than the previous month. Year-to-date beef imports from Australia were down 9.0 percent from a year ago, amounting to 150,341 MT. U.S. beef imports from Canada during September equaled 15,299 MT, which was up 5.5 percent over the previous month. Year-to-date beef imports from Canada were 12.6 percent less than last year, totaling 134,930 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from Mexico were 10.0 percent greater than last year, equaling 72,255 MT. Overall, during the first three quarters of 2013, U.S. beef and veal imports were 2.0 percent below the corresponding period a year ago, amounting to 580,333 MT.

During September, U.S. pork imports equaled 32,841 MT, which was 1.4 percent more than August and was 26.4 percent more than September 2012. Specifically, imports of fresh, chilled pork totaled 21,703 MT, which was 2.3 percent higher than the previous month and was 32.0 percent higher than September 2012. Imports of frozen pork totaled 7,187 MT, which was 4.0 percent lower than the previous month but was 23.1 percent higher than September 2012. During September, the U.S. imported 27,503 MT of pork from Canada, which was up 3.3 percent over the previous month. During the first three quarters of the year, total pork imports from Canada were 11.0 percent greater than a year ago, equaling 227,473 MT. Canada was the leading provider of pork to the U.S. with 82.0 percent of the total imports. During September, U.S. pork imports from Denmark rose 4.1 percent over the previous month to 1,958 MT. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark totaled 20,108 MT, which was 18.2 percent lower than last year. Overall, U.S. total pork imports during the first three quarters of 2013 equaled 277,254 MT, 7.9 percent more than the same period a year ago. To obtain additional data on U.S. trade, visit the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/default.aspx.

According to the USDA, the department will be issuing new import rules for beef and other bovine products. This is expected to end a 15 year ban on imports of cattle products from the 28 nations of the European Union. The U.S. has been closed to beef from the EU since 1997 due to concerns over bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). The U.S. and the EU have been negotiations over a free trade agreement since mid-2013. The new rule is set to take effect 90 days after being published in the U.S. Federal Register.

Recently, USDA FAS released its bi-annual publication, Livestock and Poultry: World Markets and Trade. According to the report, 2014 total world beef and veal production is forecast at 58.63 MMT. This is slightly higher than 2013 as most major producers are expected to benefit from cheaper feed supplies and rising import demand. U.S. beef production during 2014 is forecast at 11.02 MMT, which is down 5.8 percent from 2013 because of decreasing cattle inventories. Additionally, heifer retention may further limit supplies. The U.S. is expected to remain the world’s leading beef producing nation. Brazil is projected to be the second largest beef producing country in 2014 with a record 9.90 MMT, which is 3.1 percent more than 2013. The increase is due to herd expansion, which is assisted by governments programs subsidizing interest rates to promote pasture improvements and genetics. Total 2014 world beef and veal exports are expected to increase 3.4 percent over 2013 to 9.20 MMT. Brazil is expected to be the largest beef exporting country in 2014 with 1.94 MMT, which is 7.8 percent greater than 2013, driven by increased competitiveness from the deprecation of Brazil’s currency. During 2014, India is forecast to export a record 1.75 MMT of beef. This is 6.1 percent higher than 2013. India supplies lower quality, price competitive halal meat to key Southeast Asian, African and Middle Eastern markets. However, India’s exports continue to be restricted by the foot and mouth disease (FMD). Beef exports from Australia during 2014 are expected to reach 1.55 MMT, 1.0 percent more than 2013. The increase, which is due to more global beef demand, is limited by supplies. During 2014, beef exports from the U.S. are projected to decrease 6.5 percent from 2013 to 1.04 MMT. Exports will be constrained by tight supplies and less competitive prices. During 2014, world beef and veal imports are forecast to reach 7.49 MMT, 4.3 percent more than 2013. The U.S. is forecast to be the primary beef importing country in 2014 with 1.03 MMT, which is a little higher than 2013. Imports will be limited by tight supplies from major suppliers such as Australia and New Zealand. Russia, the second largest beef importing nation, is expected to import 1.02 MT of beef, which is up 2.0 percent over 2013. Japan’s beef imports during 2014 are forecast at 781,000 MT, up 1.8 percent over 2013. Meanwhile, FAS forecast 2014 world pork production at a record 108.92 MMT, which was up 1.3 percent over 2013 because of lower feed costs and growing demand. During 2014, China’s pork production is projected to reach a record 54.70 MMT, 1.7 percent higher than 2013. The increase is due to lower input costs and higher demand. China is the world’s leading pork producing nation. Pork production in the EU, the second largest pork production country, during 2014 is forecast at 22.45 MMT. This is unchanged from 2013. U.S. pork production during 2014 is expected to increase 2.6 percent over 2013 to 10.79 MMT due to an increase in slaughter and heavier carcass weights. World pork exports in 2014 are projected to total 7.24 MMT, which is 2.6 percent higher than 2013. U.S. pork exports during 2014 are forecast to equal 2.39 MMT, up 4.3 percent over 2013. The U.S. is the leading pork exporting country. The EU is projected to export 2.20 MMT of pork during 2014, which is unchanged from 2013. Greater shipments to China and South Korea are offset by weaker demand in Russia. During 2014, Canada is expected to export 1.25 MMT of pork, which is unchanged from 2013. During 2014, world pork imports are forecast at 6.91 MMT, 1.5 percent greater than 2013. Japan, the main pork importing nation, is expected to import 1.25 MMT of pork during 2014. This is up slightly over 2013 with stronger demand for chilled product being offset by weaker demand for frozen product. During 2014, Russia’s pork imports are expected to increase 2.2 percent over 2013 to 920,000 MT. U.S. pork imports during 2014 are forecast at 390,000 MT, a little higher than 2013. To view the complete report, go to the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/livestock_arc.asp.

North America

CanFax recently published Canada’s current cattle on feed numbers for terminal feedlots with 1,000 or more head in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. According to the data, the number of cattle on feed in Canada totaled 887,037 head on November 1, 2013. This was 14.6 percent more than one year ago and was 2.8 percent more than the five year average. Cattle placed on feed during October totaled 300,653 head, which was up 22.0 percent over the one year ago. This was nearly unchanged from the five year average. The number of steers placed on feed totaled 175,881 head, which accounted for 58.5 percent of the total placements. Heifers placed on feed totaled 124,772 head. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds totaled 69,283 head, which was 59.3 percent more than last year. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were 41.9 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 62,298 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds equaled 45,011 head, 43.7 percent more than last year. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing over 800 pounds totaled 124,061 head, which was down 2.8 percent from last year. Meanwhile, during October, Canada’s fed cattle marketings rose 1.3 percent over a year ago to 131,185 head. This was 7.6 percent lower than the five year average. The complete report is available on the CanFax website at http://www.canfax.ca/.

Pacific Rim

Recently, Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) published Japan’s beef and pork import statistics for September 2013. According to the data, Japan’s beef imports during September fell 36.2 percent from the previous month to 34,903 MT as exporters attempted to avoid triggering Japan’s beef safeguard. Also, this was down 16.9 percent from September 2012. Specifically, frozen beef imports totaled 19,751 MT, which was 44.4 percent less than the previous month and was 19.4 percent less than September 2012. Fresh, chilled beef imports totaled 15,122 MT, which was 20.7 percent less than the previous month and was 13.6 percent less than September 2012. Japan’s beef imports from Australia during September equaled 16,897 MT. This was down 41.6 percent from August and was down 29.4 percent from September 2012. During the first three quarters of the year, Japan imported 212,832 MT of beef from Australia, which was 11.3 percent below a year ago. Australia was the main beef import market for Japan with 53.0 percent of the total. During September, Japan imported 15,246 MT of beef from the U.S. Although this was 23.8 percent lower than the previous month, it was 16.5 percent higher than September 2012. During the first three quarters, Japan’s beef imports from the U.S. were 36.4 percent more than a year ago, totaling 138,580 MT. Beef imports from New Zealand during September fell 62.3 percent from the previous month to 965 MT. Also, this was 42.0 percent less than September 2012. Total year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand equaled 24,348 MT, which was down 6.3 percent from last year. Overall, Japan’s beef imports during the first three quarters of 2013 equaled 401,505 MT, 2.9 percent more than the same period a year ago. Japan’s beef marketings during August totaled 71,108 MT, which was down 12.7 percent from the previous month and was down 9.9 percent from a year ago. Marketings of imported beef equaled 44,121 MT, 5.7 percent lower than last year. Domestic beef marketings were 16.0 percent less than last year, totaling 26,987 MT. At the end of August, Japan’s beef stocks totaled 133,742 MT. This was 8.7 percent higher than the previous month and was 26.0 percent higher than a year ago. Stocks of imported beef equaled 120,255 MT, which was up 28.9 percent over last year. Stocks of domestic beef were up 5.3 percent over a year ago, amounting to 13,487 MT.

Japan’s pork imports during September totaled 59,447 MT. This was 8.1 percent lower than August and was 5.4 percent lower than September 2012. More specifically, imports of frozen pork equaled 35,740 MT, which was down 8.0 percent from the previous month and was down 18.2 percent from September 2012. Imports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 23,705 MT, which was down 8.2 percent from the previous month but was up 23.8 percent over September 2012. During September, Japan imported 20,890 MT of pork from the U.S. This was 10.0 percent lower than the previous month and was 14.4 percent lower than September 2012. During the first three quarters of the year, Japan’s pork imports from the U.S. totaled 209,511 MT, which was 11.7 percent less than last year. The U.S. was the largest provider of pork to Japan with 38.3 percent of the total imports. Pork imports from Canada during September fell 11.4 percent from the previous month to 11,377 MT. Additionally, this was 16.2 percent lower than September 2012. Year-todate pork imports from Canada were 19.8 percent less than a year ago, totaling 102,795 MT. During September, Japan imported 10,480 MT of pork from Denmark. This was 9.5 percent higher than the previous month and was 31.4 percent higher than September 2012. Total year-to-date pork imports from Denmark equaled 83,833 MT, 8.2 percent less than last year. Overall, Japan’s total pork imports during the first three quarters of 2013 equaled 546,437 MT, which was 6.0 percent below the same period a year ago. Japan’s pork marketings during August equaled 136,056 MT, which was 2.6 percent less than the previous month and was 2.2 percent less than a year ago. Imported pork marketings totaled 66,162 MT, 3.0 percent lower than last year. Domestic pork marketings equaled 69,894 MT, which was down 1.5 percent from a year ago. Japan’s pork stocks at the end of August totaled 167,618 MT. This was nearly 1.0 percent lower than the previous month and was 4.8 percent lower than a year ago. Imported pork stocks equaled 145,463 MT, which was down 6.4 percent from last year. Stocks of domestic pork were up 7.6 percent over a year ago, amounting to 22,155 MT. To obtain further data on Japan’s red meat trade, visit the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

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