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USDA International Meat Review


25 October 2013

USDA International Meat Review - 24 October 2013USDA International Meat Review - 24 October 2013


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently released Livestock and Products Annual for 2013 for the countries of China, Egypt and South Korea. The reports include executive summaries; production, supply and demand data; and market outlooks. To view the complete reports, go the FAS Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) at http://gain.fas.usda.gov/.

North America

On September 27, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) published its quarterly Hogs and Pigs report. According to the numbers, the U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs totaled 68.36 million head on September 1, 2013. This was 2.6 percent higher than the previous quarter and was slightly higher than a year ago. The breeding herd equaled 5.81 million head, which was down 1.2 percent from the previous quarter but was up a little over a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs increased 3.0 percent over the previous quarter to 62.55 million head. This was slightly higher than a year ago. More specifically, market hogs and pigs weighing less than 50 pounds totaled 20.09 million head, which was up 2.1 percent over the previous quarter and was up 5.7 percent over a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs weighing 50 to 119 pounds equaled 18.09 million head. This was slightly more than the previous quarter and was 1.1 percent more than last year. Market hogs and pigs weighing 120 to 179 pounds were 7.9 percent higher than the previous quarter and were 1.5 percent higher than a year ago, totaling 13.28 million head. Market hogs and pigs weighing more than 180 pounds increased 3.9 percent over the previous quarter to 11.09 million head. However, this was 3.5 percent lower than last year. Sows farrowed during the June to August time period totaled 2.93 million head, which was nearly unchanged from a year ago. This accounted for 50.3 percent of the total breeding herd. During the same time, the pig crop equaled 30.21 million head, 1.9 percent greater than a year ago. The number of pigs per litter totaled a record 10.33 head, compared to 10.13 a year ago. Iowa was the main hog producing state with 20.20 million head, which was 2.5 percent more than last year. This comprised 29.5 percent of the total inventory. The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head accounted for 46 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, down from 47 percent last year. The complete report can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Recently, CanFax released Canada’s current cattle on feed numbers for terminal feedlots with 1,000 or more head in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. According to the data, on October 1, 2013, Canada’s cattle on feed totaled 722,814 head. This was 7.9 percent higher than one year ago and was nearly 1.0 percent higher than the five year average. During September, 254,138 head of cattle were placed on feed. This was 11.8 percent more than one year ago but was 4.0 percent less than the five year average. The number of steers placed on feed totaled 162,923 head, which accounted for 64.1 percent of the total. Heifers placed on feed totaled 91,215 head. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds equaled 7,505 head, 22.9 percent lower than last year. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were up 67.1 percent over a year ago, amounting to 13,525 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds totaled 41,847 head, which was 72.5 percent more than last year. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds were up 3.2 percent over a year ago, totaling 191,261 head. Meanwhile, Canada’s fed cattle marketings during September rose 10.2 percent over a year ago to 142,737 head. However, this was 12.3 percent lower than the five year average. To obtain the entire report, visit the CanFax website at http://www.canfax.ca/.

Pacific Rim

Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) recently released Japan’s August 2013 beef and pork import data. According to the statistics, during August, Japan imported 54,677 MT of beef. This was 20.9 percent less than July and was 4.7 percent less than August 2012. More specifically, imports of frozen beef equaled 35,538 MT, which was 27.6 percent lower than the previous month and was 2.2 percent lower than August 2012. Imports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 19,077 MT, which was 4.4 percent lower than the previous month and was 9.1 percent lower than August 2012. During August, Japan’s beef imports from Australia fell 7.0 percent from July and 10.8 percent from August 2012 to 28,944 MT. Year-todate beef imports from Australia totaled 195,935 MT, which was 9.3 percent less than last year. Australia was the primary beef import market for Japan with 53.4 percent of the total. Beef imports from the U.S. during August totaled 19,999 MT, which was down 28.7 percent from the previous month but was up 19.2 percent over August 2012. Total year-to-date beef imports from the U.S. were 39.3 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 123,334 MT. Japan’s beef imports from New Zealand during August fell 47.6 percent from the previous month to 2,560 MT. Also, this was 26.3 percent less than August 2012. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand equaled 23,383 MT, 3.8 percent lower than last year. Overall, Japan’s total year-to-date beef imports equaled 366,602 MT, which was 5.3 percent above the corresponding period a year ago. During July, Japan’s beef marketings equaled 81,429 MT, which was 46.5 percent higher than the previous month and was 14.1 percent higher than a year ago. Imported beef marketings were up 22.5 percent over last year, amounting to 49,889 MT. Marketings of domestic beef totaled 31,540 MT, which was 2.9 percent more than a year ago. Japan’s beef stock at the end of July equaled 122,982 MT, which was up 18.5 percent over the previous month and was up 23.7 percent over a last year. Imported beef stocks totaled 109,699 MT, which was 32.6 percent higher than last year. Domestic beef stocks were 20.3 percent less than a year ago, totaling 13,283 MT.

During August, Japan imported 64,667 MT of pork. Although this was up 3.8 percent over July, it was down 11.1 percent from August 2012. Specifically, frozen pork imports totaled 38,841 MT, which was 6.5 percent higher than the previous month but was 21.5 percent lower than August 2012. Fresh, chilled pork imports totaled 25,819 MT, which was nearly unchanged from the previous month but was 10.8 percent higher than August 2012. Japan’s pork imports from the U.S. during August fell 4.2 percent from the previous month to 23,199 MT. Also, this was down 12.6 percent from August 2012. Year-to-date pork imports from the U.S. were 11.4 percent less than a year ago, totaling 188,621 MT. The U.S. was the main source for Japan’s pork imports with 38.7 percent of the total. During August, Japan’s pork imports from Canada rose 8.6 percent over the previous month to 12,848 MT. However, this was 20.9 percent lower than August 2012. Total year-to-date pork imports from Canada equaled 91,418 MT, 20.2 percent less than last year. Pork imports from Denmark during August equaled 9,569 MT. This was 7.6 percent higher than the previous month but was 30.1 percent lower than August 2012. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark were 12.0 percent less than last year, amounting to 73,353 MT. Overall, Japan’s total year-to-date pork imports equaled 486,990 MT, which was 6.1 percent below the same period a year ago. During July, Japan’s pork marketings totaled 139,634 MT. This was 11.2 percent higher than the previous month and was 4.4 percent higher than a year ago. Imported pork marketings were 3.3 percent more than last year, amounting to 65,315 MT. Marketings of domestic pork equaled 74,318 MT, which was up 5.4 percent over a year ago. At the end of July, Japan’s pork stocks totaled 169,125 MT. This was 2.2 percent less than the previous month and was 1.2 percent less than a year ago. Stocks of imported pork were down 2.6 percent from a year ago, totaling 146,958 MT. Domestic pork stocks totaled 22,167 MT, 8.6 percent more than last year. Additional data is available on the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

The Korea International Trade Association (KITA) recently released South Korea’s beef and pork import data for September 2013. According to the numbers, South Korea’s beef imports during September totaled 22,291 MT. This was 9.7 percent lower than the previous month and was slightly lower than September 2012. More specifically, frozen beef imports equaled 18,555 MT, which accounted for 83.2 percent of the total. Fresh, chilled beef imports equaled 3,736 MT, of which Australia’s share was 79.1 percent. During September, South Korea’s beef imports from Australia totaled 13,022 MT. Although this was down 1.3 percent from August, it was up 13.1 percent over September 2012. During the first three quarters of the year, South Korea imported 105,555 MT of beef from Australia, which was 8.4 percent more than a year ago. Australia was South Korea’s main source for beef imports with 54.1 percent of the total. Imports of beef from the U.S. during September totaled 7,330 MT. This was 20.7 percent less than the previous month and was 13.3 percent less than September 2012. During the first three quarters, South Korea’s beef imports from the U.S. were 9.1 percent below last year, amounting to 67,441 MT. The U.S. was South Korea’s second largest beef import market with 34.6 percent of the total. During September, South Korea imported 1,746 MT of beef from New Zealand. This was down 15.2 percent from the previous month and was down 21.9 percent from September 2012. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand equaled 19,824 MT, 5.9 percent less than last year. Overall, South Korea’s total beef imports during the first three quarters of 2012 equaled 194,941 MT, a little lower than the same period a year ago. Meanwhile, during September, South Korea imported 22,160 MT of pork, which was down 2.1 percent from August and was down 18.8 percent from September 2012. This was the lowest monthly volume since September 2012. South Korea’s pork imports from the U.S. during September fell 14.7 percent from the previous month to 5,710 MT. Also, this was 29.7 percent lower than September 2012. Total year-to-date pork imports from the U.S. equaled 84,035 MT, 15.2 percent below a year ago. The U.S. was the primary supplier of pork to South Korea with 36.8 percent of the total imports. During September, pork imports from Canada equaled 3,336 MT. Although this was up 21.6 percent over the previous month, it was down 24.4 percent from September 2012. During the first three quarters of the year, South Korea imported 30,325 MT of pork from Canada, which was 33.4 percent less than last year. South Korea’s pork imports from Chile during September rose 22.6 percent over the previous month to 2,933 MT. However, this was 8.5 percent lower than September 2012. Total year-todate pork imports from Chile equaled 24,673 MT, 13.4 percent less than last year. Overall, during the first three quarters of 2013, South Korea imported 228,465 MT of pork, which was 24.8 percent below the corresponding period a year ago. To obtain further data on South Korea’s red meat trade, visit the KITA website at http://www.kita.org/.

Oceania

According to recent data from Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF), during the third quarter of 2013, Australia’s goat meat exports totaled 8,276 MT. This was up 19.6 percent over the previous quarter and was up 4.9 percent over a year ago. During the third quarter, Australia exported 3,412 MT of goat meat to the U.S., which was 8.7 percent less than the previous quarter and was 31.9 percent less than a year ago. Total year-to-date goat meat exports to the U.S. equaled 11,144 MT, which was 3.6 percent above a year ago. The U.S. was the main destination for Australia’s goat meat exports with 49.9 percent of the total. During the third quarter, Australia exported 708 MT of goat meat to Taiwan. This was 29.1 percent lower than the previous month and was 36.4 percent lower than a year ago. During the first three quarters of the year, Australia’s goat meat exports to Taiwan were 1.4 percent less than last year, totaling 2,569 MT. Taiwan was Australia’s second largest goat meat export market with 11.5 percent of the total. Australia’s goat meat exports to the Caribbean during the third quarter rose 46.2 percent over the previous quarter to 718 MT. However, this was down 3.0 percent from a year ago. Total year-to-date goat meat exports to the Caribbean equaled 1,724 MT, 22.7 percent less than a year ago. Overall, Australia’s total goat meat exports during the first three quarters of 2013 equaled 22,355 MT, which was 16.5 percent more than the corresponding period a year ago. Additional data can be found on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

Australia’s DAFF recently published Australia’s September 2013 red meat export data. According to the statistics, during September, Australia exported 94,923 MT of beef and veal. This was down 3.5 percent from the previous month but was up slightly over September 2012. More specifically, exports of frozen beef totaled 75,256 MT, which accounted for 79.3 percent of the total. Exports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 19,667 MT. During September, Australia’s beef exports to Japan fell 12.1 percent from August and 3.9 percent from September 2012 to 21,766 MT. During the first three quarters of the year, Australia exported 219,398 MT of beef to Japan, which was 5.8 percent less than a year ago. Japan was the leading beef export market for Australia with 27.5 percent of the total. During September, Australia exported 19,560 MT of beef to the U.S. This was 8.4 percent higher than the previous month and was 9.6 percent higher than September 2012. Year-to-date beef exports to the U.S. equaled 155,852 MT, 8.2 percent below last year. Beef exports to South Korea during September totaled 12,671 MT. This was up nearly 1.0 percent over the previous month and was up 7.8 percent over September 2012. During the first three quarters, Australia exported 99,487 MT of beef to South Korea, which was 21.0 percent more than a year ago. Overall, during the first three quarters of 2013, Australia’s total beef and veal exports were 15.3 percent greater than the same period a year ago, amounting to 799,259 MT.

During September, Australia exported 17,114 MT of lamb. This was up 5.1 percent over the previous month and was up 21.9 percent over September 2012. During September, Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East totaled 4,620 MT. This was 14.3 percent lower than the previous month but was 8.9 percent higher than September 2012. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the Middle East were 22.4 percent more than last year, amounting to 44,682 MT. The Middle East was the main lamb export market for Australia with 29.2 percent of the total. Lamb exports to the U.S. during September rose 36.2 percent over the previous month to 3,189 MT. Also, this was up 20.2 percent over September 2012. During the first three quarters of the year, lamb exports to the U.S. totaled 27,966 MT, 4.5 percent higher than a year ago. Year-to-date lamb exports to China were 35.1 percent greater than last year, amounting to 27,898 MT. Overall, Australia’s lamb exports during the first three quarters of 2013 totaled 152,893 MT, which was 13.4 percent above the corresponding period a year ago. In the meantime, during September, Australia exported 12,921 MT of mutton. This was 5.0 percent higher than August and was 44.3 percent higher than September 2012. Australia’s mutton exports to China during September rose 19.7 percent over the previous month to a record high of 5,339 MT. Also this was 186.7 percent higher than September 2012. During the first three quarters of the year, Australia’s mutton exports to the China were 509.4 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 36,412 MT. China was Australia’s leading mutton export market with 30.8 percent of the total. During September, Australia exported 1,540 MT of mutton to the Middle East. This was 45.6 percent lower than the previous month and was 53.2 percent lower than September 2012. Additionally, this was lowest single month volume since January 2009. Year-to-date mutton exports to the Middle East equaled 31,909 MT, 2.1 percent less than last year. Mutton exports to the U.S. during September totaled 784 MT, which was up 38.0 percent over the previous month but was down 26.4 percent from September 2012. Total year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. were 30.1 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 6,864 MT. Overall, Australia’s total mutton exports during the first three quarters of 2013 equaled 118,303 MT, which was 77.2 percent above the same period a year ago. To obtain additional data on Australia’s exports, visit the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

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