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USDA International Egg and Poultry

11 September 2013

USDA International Egg and Poultry - 11 September 2013USDA International Egg and Poultry - 11 September 2013

USDA International Egg and Poultry

Russia’s Implementation of Its WTO Obligations On August 15, 2013 the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) announced the interagency Trade Policy Staff Committee (TPSC) it is seeking public comment to assist USTR in preparing for its annual report to Congress on Russia’s implementation of its obligations as a Member of the World Trade Organization (WTO). USTR will be convening a public hearing on September 27, 2013 in Washington DC.

Consistent with other provisions in P.L. 112-208, in December 2013, USTR will submit the first annual report assessing Russia’s implementation of the WTO Agreement, as well as Russia’s accession to and implementation of the Information Technology Agreement and the Agreement on Government Procurement.

Back in June 2013 USTR submitted its first annual “Report on WTO Enforcement Actions: Russia” to Congress. The Report highlights areas in which USTR has raised concerns, both bilaterally and multilaterally, about Russia’s compliance with its WTO commitments. 

According to USTR, this report was prepared pursuant to section 201(b) of the Russia and Moldova Jackson-Vanik Repeal and Sergei Magnitskiy Rule of Law Accountability Act of 2012 (P.L. 112-208), which requires the U.S. Trade Representative to submit a report to the Committee on Finance of the U.S. Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the U.S. House of Representatives describing the enforcement actions taken by USTR against Russia to ensure Russia’s full compliance with its commitments as a Member of the WTO, including any commitments under agreements with members of the Working Party on the accession of Russia to the WTO.

Draft Law on Country of Origin Labeling 

On August 1, 2013 Russia’s Liberal Democratic Party introduced to the State Duma a draft law that would mandate detailed country-oforigin labeling requirements for all meat products. In particular, the law proposes a requirement that meat manufacturers include a label on the consumer packaging of meat and meat products, including poultry, that contains a short name of the country of origin for all meat ingredients. Before the law can be implemented it must first go through the State Duma legislative process, which resumes September 1, 2013. Such a law could take at least two months to be ratified, provided it is supported by the Duma’s United Russia Party majority. As of August 20, 2013 USDA FAS/Moscow does not believe the WTO had been notified of the measure.


In August 2013, the Moscow environmental prosecutor’s office ordered the department of environment protection and several municipal agencies to investigate the deaths of pigeons and other birds in Moscow. The Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance have found some cases of Salmonella infection. Avian influenza and parrot fever have not been found; however the birds are still being tested for other diseases such as Newcastle disease. The Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance did note Moscow has become a source of
Newcastle disease.


Domestic broiler production is forecast to reach 3.3 MMT (million metric tons) in 2014 and 3.05 MMT in 2013. Broiler meat production increases stem from government support measures and growth in domestic grain production in 2013 resulting in lower feed prices. In March 2013, Russia’s Ministry of Agriculture approved the State Program for the Development of Poultry Production (2013-2015 Poultry Program) and RUB 55.2 billion ($1.7 billion USD) to be used to improve the national food security situation by implementing a package of priority measures to ensure the sustainable and competitive development of the domestic Russian poultry industry.

Imports are projected to decline to 530,000 MT in 2014 versus imports in 2013 at 540,000 MT. Consumption is projected to grow about 6% in 2014 due to rising incomes and competitive prices for broiler meat against competing red meats. 


Production is forecast 5% higher to 105,000 MT and 100,000 MT in 2013. Over the past 10 years domestic turkey production has increased 170% and imports have decreased 150%. Imports of turkey meat are expected to remain unchanged in 2014 at 14,000 MT and forecasts were lowered for 2013. Consumption is projected to rise 5% in 2014, whereas consumption in 2013 dropped 9% as many Russian processors were using more low-cost broiler products
as their input of choice rather than frozen turkey products.

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