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USDA International Egg and Poultry

10 April 2013

USDA International Egg and Poultry: Growth in Philippines Poultry ProductionUSDA International Egg and Poultry: Growth in Philippines Poultry Production

The Philippines poultry sector grew by 4.53% in 2012, boosted by strong growth in chicken production (+4.61%), due to the high demand for chicken meat throughout the year. Duck production went up by 2.08%; favorable weather conditions and sufficient water supply resulted in increased duck inventory.
USDA International Egg and Poultry

Due to an increase in the number of laying flocks and the sustained demand for eggs, chicken egg production maintained its uptrend and posted another 4.37% increase this year. Duck egg production continued to grow with a 5.52% gain in 2012. Increased acquisition of laying flocks and higher egg-laying efficiency ratio were cited in almost all regions. In addition, there was improved performance of laying flocks and high demand for “balut” and salted eggs in Cagayan Valley and Western Visayas.

Poultry: Volume of Production by Animal Type and Year In Thousand Metric Tons

On July 1 2012, about 55% of the total chicken population was broilers and layers raised in commercial farms. Native/improved chickens raised in backyard farms accounted for 45% of the total chicken inventory.

Chicken Inventory by Farm Type on January 1

Chicken production for the first half of 2012 totaled 721,961 metric tons live weight. The top producing regions were:

During the first half of 2012, total egg production was estimated at 213,145 MT. Of this volume, 82.20% were produced in commercial layer farms and 17.80% were from native/improved chickens in backyard farms. Around 69% of the country’s total egg production came from the top producing regions:

Philippine poultry meat exports were valued at US$33.3 million in 2012, down from US$43.1 million in 2011. Most poultry meat exports are shipped to Japan.

Philippine Poultry Meat Exports to Select Countries

Source: Republic of the Philippines, Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Statistics; Republic of the Philippines, Department of Trade and Industry.

Poultry is one of the Top U.S. Exports to the Philippines

The Philippines is the largest market in Southeast Asia for U.S. food and beverage (F&B) products, and one of the fastest growing markets in the world. According to U.S. Customs statistics, the top five F&B product categories by value in 2012 were: dairy products, red meats, poultry meat, snack foods and processed fruits and vegetables. Poultry meat was the top product by growth.

Top 5 Products by Growth in 2012, in Thousands USD

U.S. poultry meat exports to the Philippines totaled 89,065 metric tons in 2012, up 23% from the previous year. In 2012, five items accounted for 95% of the exported meats by volume.

U.S. Exports of Poultry Meat to the Philippines CY 2009 – 2012 in Millions of Dollars

The Philippine government imposes a tariff rate quota (TRQ), known as the Minimum Access Volume (MAV), on several agricultural products including poultry. Since 2005, the Philippine government has maintained MAV levels at its WTO Uruguay Round commitments despite a continued rise in market demand for MAV products. The high in-quota tariffs, which range from 30–50 percent, significantly inhibit U.S. exports of MAV products to the Philippines. The in-quota tariff on poultry is 40 percent. Since 2002, the Philippines has also invoked a price-based special safeguard (SSG) on imports of chicken meat, essentially doubling the MAV rate of protection for out-of-quota imports.

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