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USDA International Egg and Poultry

07 March 2013

USDA International Egg and Poultry - 7 March 2013USDA International Egg and Poultry - 7 March 2013

USDA International Egg and Poultry

Mexico’s Poultry Situation

On February 28, 2013 Mexico reported 11 outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H7N3 subtype (1 broiler, 5 breeder, and 5 commercial layer farms) in Guanajuato state to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). About 1,014,018 birds were affected. Depopulation and control measures are in place. As of February 4, 2013 the US has still not recognized Mexico or parts of Mexico as free of Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) despite Mexico’s animal health authorities’ declarations of such since February 2012. The matter remains under discussion by USDA APHIS.

According to FAS Gain Report MX0059, poultry production represented 63.3% of all Mexican livestock production in 2009 (chicken 34%, turkey 0.2%, and eggs 29.1%). Broiler meat production is concentrated in 14 states. Of total poultry production, broiler meat represents 92%. Turkey production is concentrated in 2 states: Yucatan (27%) and Chihuahua (16%). Mexican egg production (75%) is concentrated in 3 states: Jalisco, Puebla, and Sonora.

Mexico’s Production, Supply, and Demand (Thousand Metric Tons (TMT) and Kilograms (KG))

Note: Dom. Cons. = Domestic Consumption. Source: USDA FAS, PSD Online, Unofficial USDA Estimates

Broiler meat production in Mexico is projected to unofficially be 2.975 MMT (million metric tons) in 2013, slightly higher than 2012 (2.965 MMT) and higher than 2011 (2.906 MMT). Egg production in Mexico is projected to unofficially be 2.3 MMT in 2013. UNA estimates egg production in 2012 at 2.4 MMT. In 2011, about 11% of Mexico’s domestic egg production was exported.

Broiler meat consumption in 2013 is unofficially forecast to be 3.607 MMT, higher than 2012 (3.568 MMT) and 2011 (3.484 MMT). Despite being higher, consumption growth is slowing and per capita consumption levels are relatively flat. Per capita annual egg consumption in Mexico was estimated at 22.5 kg (330 eggs) per person; however consumption was lowered to 20.6 kg (291 eggs) per person as a result of the HPAI outbreak.

Imports are unofficially forecast at 640,000 MT in 2013, higher than 2012 (610,000 MT) and 2011 (578,000 MT). The US is expected to continue as Mexico’s main supplier in 2013. US imports represented 98% of total chicken and turkey imports in the second half of 2012 and 2011. Remaining imports came from Canada and Chile. Imports are primarily mechanically deboned meat and chicken leg quarters.

US Broiler, Turkey, and Egg Exports to Mexico in Metric Tons



Mexico Poultry Slaughter by State (2009)

Note: Head in Millions. % of Total Slaughter=Percentage of Total Slaughter. Comarca*=Comarca Lagunera. Source: USDA FAS Gain Report MX0059/National Poultry Men’s Union (UNA)

(CLQ). Broiler meat imports represented 17% (0.610 MMT) of Mexico’s total broiler meat supplies (3.575 MMT) in 2012. Of broiler meat imports, about 40% (0.244 MMT) is comprised of chicken leg quarters from the US (7% of Mexico’s total broiler meat supplies). However Mexico has yet to impose any duties on US CLQs as part of the final resolution of the antidumping case. Egg and egg product imports from the US increased substantially in 2012 due to HPAI outbreaks in 2012 in Jalisco, the largest producing state of poultry meat and eggs. Source: Department of Commerce, US Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Statistics/ USDA FAS Gain Reports MX3011 & MX0059/USDA FAS, PSD Online, Unofficial USDA Estimates/OIE/Promed/News Wires.

Total US Broiler Meat and US Chicken Leg Quarter (CLQ) Exports to Mexico in Metric Tons

March 2013

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