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USDA International Meat Review


04 February 2013

USDA International Meat Review - 31 January 2013USDA International Meat Review - 31 January 2013


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

On January 28, the Office of the US Trade Representative (USTR) and the US Department of Agriculture announced that the US and Japan have agreed on new terms and conditions to expand exports of US beef and beef products to Japan. As of February 1, 2013, Japan will allow the import of beef from cattle less than 30 months of age. Previously, the limit was 20 months. In December 2003, Japan banned US beef and beef products following the case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in the US In July 2006, Japan partially re-opened its market to allow for imports of beef from animals under 20 months of age. To read the press release, visit the USTR website at http://www.ustr.gov/.

North America

CanFax recently issued Canada’s current cattle on feed statistics for terminal feedlots with 1,000 or more head in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. According to the data, the number of cattle on feed in Canada on January 1, 2013 equaled 965,132 head. This was down 3.4 percent from one year ago and was down 2.7 percent from the five year average. Also, this was the lowest since 2004. According to CanFax, negative processing margins and ample non-fed supplies offered limited incentive to ramp up fed production. Cattle placed on feed during December totaled 107,315 head, which was 6.6 percent more than one year but was 12.0 percent less than the five year average. The number of steers placed on feed totaled 60,957 head, which accounted for 56.8 percent of the total. Heifers placed on feed totaled 46,358 head. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds were up 114.1 percent over a year ago, amounting to 24,651 MT. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds equaled 24,403 head, which was up 1.0 percent over last year. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 700 to 799 pounds totaled 19,825 head, 14.5 percent lower than last year. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds were down 7.9 percent from a year ago, totaling 38,436 head. Meanwhile, during December, Canada’s fed cattle marketings fell 25.1 percent from one year ago and 30.9 percent from the five year average to 91,683 head. To obtain the complete report, go to the CanFax website at http://www.canfax.ca/.

On January 25, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) published its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the data, the number of cattle and calves on feed for the US slaughter market for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 11.19 million head on January 1, 2013. This was 5.6 percent lower than one year ago and was 2.8 percent lower than two years ago. During December, 1.66 million head of cattle were placed on feed, which was down a little from one year ago and was down 7.0 percent from two years ago. Steers and steer calves on feed totaled 7.05 million head, which was down 3.2 percent from a year ago and accounted for 63.0 percent of the total. Heifers and heifer calves on feed totaled 4.07 million head, 9.5 percent less than a year ago. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds equaled 495,000 head, 10.0 percent lower than last year. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were up 7.8 percent over a year ago, totaling 415,000 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds totaled 379,000 head, which was 5.3 percent more than last year. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds equaled 375,000 head, which was down slightly from a year ago. Meanwhile, during December, fed cattle marketings equaled 1.75 million head. This was 1.7 percent lower than one year ago and was 4.6 percent lower than two years ago. The entire report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On January 24, USDA NASS released its Livestock Slaughter report. According to the data, US cattle slaughter during the final quarter of 2012 equaled 8.14 million head. This was down slightly from the previous quarter and was down 1.3 percent from a year ago. During the fourth quarter of 2012, US beef production totaled 6.48 billion pounds. This was a little less than the previous quarter but was 1.3 percent higher than a year ago. The average weight of live cattle at the end of December equaled a record 1,327 pounds, 27 pounds more than a year ago. During 2012, US cattle slaughter totaled 32.43 million head, 3.4 percent less than 2011. Total US beef production during 2012 equaled 25.57 billion pounds, which was 1.1 percent lower than a year ago. During the fourth quarter, US hog slaughter totaled 30.19 million head. This was 8.9 percent more than the previous quarter and was 1.8 percent more than a year ago. Fourth quarter pork production increased 10.9 percent over the previous quarter to 6.20 billion pounds. This was slightly higher than a year ago. Live hog weights at the end of December averaged 276 pounds, two pounds less than a year ago. During 2012, total US hog slaughter equaled 112.27 million head, which was 2.1 percent higher than 2011. Pork production during 2012 increased 2.2 percent over 2011 to 23.10 billion pounds. During the final quarter of 2012, US sheep and lamb slaughter totaled 528.3 thousand head, which was up 3.5 percent over the previous quarter and was up 5.7 percent over a year ago. Lamb and mutton production during the fourth quarter equaled 36.8 million pounds. This was a little lower than the previous quarter but was 6.4 percent higher than a year ago. During 2012, US total sheep and lamb slaughter equaled 2.01 million head, slightly more than a year ago. Total lamb and mutton production during 2012 was 4.9 percent greater than 2011, totaling 147.7 million pounds. US total goat slaughter during the final quarter of 2012 equaled 145.4 thousand head, which was 3.5 percent less than the previous quarter and was 12.1 percent less than a year ago. Total goat slaughter during 2012 equaled 557.9 thousand head, 5.3 percent below 2011. The complete monthly report can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On January 22, USDA NASS released its monthly Cold Storage report. According to the report, as of December 31, 2012, beef in US cold storage facilities equaled 465.5 million pounds. This was 1.8 percent more than last year and was slightly more than the five year average. More specifically, boneless beef in cold storage totaled 390.8 million pounds, which was 1.7 percent lower than a year ago. Beef cuts in cold storage equaled 74.7 million pounds, 24.8 percent greater than last year. Meanwhile, at the end of December, 554.4 million pounds of pork was in US cold storage. This was up 14.4 over a year ago and was up 10.9 percent over the five year average. Also, this was the second highest volume for the month of December, second to December 2008. Specifically, the volume of hams in storage was 47.0 percent more than last year, amounting to 81.9 million pounds. Pork bellies in cold storage totaled 36.8 million pounds, which was down 11.2 percent from a year ago. Pork loins in storage totaled 42.1 million pounds, which was nearly unchanged from a year ago. The volume of ribs in storage was up 47.9 percent over last year, totaling 109.4 million pounds. Pork butts in cold storage totaled 25.9 million pounds, which was 32.4 percent higher than a year ago. Pork trimmings in storage totaled 53.0 million pounds, which was 8.8 percent more than last year. The volume of veal in US cold storage was up 84.1 percent over a year ago, totaling 5.3 million pounds. Lamb and mutton in cold storage totaled 21.7 million pounds, which was 28.6 percent higher than a year ago. To obtain the entire report, go to the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Oceania

According to recent statistics from Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF), during the fourth quarter of 2012, Australia’s goat meat exports totaled 9,908 MT. This was 25.6 percent more than the previous quarter and was 56.5 percent more than a year ago. During the final quarter of 2012, Australia’s goat meat exports to the US equaled 5,323 MT, which was up 6.3 percent over the previous quarter and was up 81.6 percent over a year ago. During 2012, Australia’s total goat meat exports to the US were 6.0 percent above 2011, amounting to 16,079 MT. The US was the primary destination for Australia’s goat meat exports with 55.3 percent of the total. Goat meat exports to Taiwan during the fourth quarter totaled 1,364 MT. This was up 22.4 percent over the previous quarter and was up 21.8 percent over a year ago. Total goat meat exports to Taiwan during 2012 equaled 3,968 MT, which was 1.5 percent higher than 2011. Taiwan was Australia’s second largest goat meat export market with 13.6 percent of the total. During the fourth quarter, goat meat exports to the Caribbean equaled 875 MT, which was up 18.2 percent over the previous quarter but was down 16.7 percent from a year ago. During 2012, Australia’s goat meat exports to the Caribbean totaled 3,106 MT, which was 5.2 percent more than 2011. During 2012, goat meat exports to Canada equaled 2,038 MT, 29.8 percent higher than 2011. Overall, Australia’s total goat meat exports during 2012 equaled 29,094 MT, which was 12.4 percent greater than 2011. Additional data on Australia’s markets is available on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

South America

Recently, Argentina’s National Service of Agriculture Food, Health and Quality (SENASA) published Argentina’s fourth quarter beef export statistics. The numbers include fresh beef, offals, processed beef and Hilton cuts. During the fourth quarter of 2012, Argentina exported 56,301 MT of beef. This was up 12.4 percent over the previous quarter but was down 4.2 percent from a year ago. Beef exports to Russia during the final quarter of 2012 equaled 10,764 MT, which was 2.8 percent lower than the previous quarter but was 9.3 percent higher than a year ago. During 2012, Argentina exported 44,928 MT of beef to Russia. This was 3.2 percent greater than 2011. Russia was the largest beef export market for Argentina with 20.7 percent of the total. Argentina’s beef exports to Hong Kong during the last quarter of 2012 equaled 9,456 MT. This was 46.5 percent more than the previous quarter and was 5.3 percent more than a year ago. During 2012, beef exports to Hong Kong totaled 31,601 MT, 11.2 percent below a year ago. This accounted for 14.5 percent of Argentina’s total exports. During the fourth quarter, Argentina’s beef exports to Chile rose 18.8 percent over the previous quarter to 7,675 MT. However, this was down 9.4 percent from a year ago. During 2012, Argentina’s beef exports to Chile totaled 26,606 MT, which was 18.9 percent greater than 2011. This comprised 12.2 percent of the total. During the fourth quarter, Argentina exported 4,821 MT of beef to Germany. This was slightly less than the previous quarter and was 22.4 percent less than a year ago. Total beef exports to Germany during 2012 equaled 20,256 MT, 20.4 percent lower than a year ago. This comprised 9.3 percent of the total. Beef exports to the US during the final quarter of 2012 totaled 267 MT. This was up 853.6 percent over the previous quarter but was down 76.4 percent from a year ago. Total beef exports to the US during 2012 were down 92.9 percent from 2011, amounting to 654 MT. During 2012, Argentina’s largest market for exports of Hilton cuts was Germany with 60.8 percent of the total. The primary fresh beef export market was Chile with 30.4 percent of the total. The UK was the main export market for Argentina’s processed beef exports with 14.2 percent of the total. Hong Kong was the largest export market for offals with 30.6 percent of the total. Of Argentina’s total beef exports during 2012, fresh beef made up 40.3 percent of the total, offals comprised 45.8 percent of the total, Hilton cuts were 10.0 percent of the total, and processed beef accounted for 3.9 percent of the total exports. Overall, Argentina’s total beef exports during 2012 were 17.2 percent below 2011, totaling 217,372 MT. According to Meat & Livestock Australia (MLA), Argentina’s competitiveness has been severely impacted by the government’s decision to ensure adequate beef supply for the domestic market by implementing export quotas.

Pacific Rim

The Korea International Trade Association (KITA) recently published South Korea’s beef and pork import data for December 2012 and for the year-end. According to the figures, during December, South Korea imported 19,978 MT of beef. This was 16.0 percent lower than November and was 18.5 percent lower than December 2011. More specifically, during December, imports of frozen beef totaled 16,434 MT, which accounted for 82.3 percent of the total. Imports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 3,544 MT. For 2012, Australia’s share of fresh, chilled beef imports was 80.5 percent. During December, South Korea’s beef imports from Australia equaled 13,058 MT. This was down 6.4 percent from the previous month but was up slightly over December 2011. During 2012, South Korea’s total beef imports from Australia were 9.7 percent below 2011, amounting to 137,928 MT. Australia was the main supplier of beef to South Korea with 52.2 percent of the total imports. Beef imports from the US during December fell 38.6 percent from the previous month and 46.6 percent from December 2011 to 4,746 MT. Additionally, this was the lowest single month volume since July 2009. Total beef imports from the US during 2012 equaled 95,082 MT, which was 17.6 percent less than 2011. The US was the second leading provider of beef to South Korea with 36.0 percent of the total imports. During December, South Korea imported 2,028 MT of beef from New Zealand. Although this was 6.2 percent higher than the previous month, it was 8.8 percent lower than December 2011. During 2012, South Korea imported 27,518 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was down 19.8 percent from 2011. Overall, South Korea’s total beef imports during 2012 equaled 264,376 MT, which was 14.1 percent less than 2011due to a sluggish economy. Meanwhile, during December, South Korea imported 22,811 MT of pork. This was slightly less than the previous month and was 16.7 percent less than December 2011. This was the lowest single month total since September 2010. During December, pork imports from the US fell 36.7 percent from November and 26.3 percent from December 2011 to 5,061 MT. Also, this was the lowest monthly volume since November 2010. During 2012, South Korea imported 120,067 MT of pork from the U.S, which was 20.0 percent below a year ago. Nonetheless, the US was the largest pork import market for South Korea with 31.5 percent of the total. During December, South Korea imported 4,593 MT from Canada. Although this was up 1.5 percent over the previous month, it was down 7.5 percent from December 2011. Pork imports from Canada during 2012 were 27.0 percent less than 2011, amounting to 58,551 MT. During December, pork imports from Chile fell 9.2 percent from the previous month and 6.4 percent from December 2011 to 2,270 MT. During 2012, South Korea imported 37,054 MT of pork from Chile, which was 8.5 percent lower than 2011. Overall, during 2012, South Korea’s total pork imports equaled 380,862 MT, which was 21.8 percent less than 2011. Additional data can be found on the KITA website at http://www.kita.org/.

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