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USDA International Egg and Poultry

05 December 2012

USDA International Egg and Poultry: United Arab EmiratesUSDA International Egg and Poultry: United Arab Emirates

Poultry meat production in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is unofficially expected to drop to 37,000 tons in 2012 before rebounding to 41,000 tons in 2013.
USDA International Egg and Poultry

Poultry meat production was constrained due to outbreaks of diseases which resulted in some plants either closing or scaling down their operations. The increasing prices of feed and high operational cost have added to the problems of poultry producers. A newly constructed farm in Abu Dhabi is expected to start production in 2013, and according to industry sources, early this year Saudi Arabia stopped exports of poultry meat. This development has encouraged UAE producers to increase their production.

United Arab Emirates broiler meat in ‘000 metric tons

Poultry PSD table with estimates for 2012 and 2013:

Five large-sized farms produce about 75% of the local poultry production, half of which is produced by a single farm in Dubai; two medium-sized farms produce nearly 10 percent of the total, while the balance is filled by several small operations. The average age of the birds slaughtered is between 28 to 31 days. The average bird weight gain is reported at 40 g/day. Live chicken is slaughtered at a 1.3 kg weight that dresses out at 1 kg. The feed conversion rate is reported between 1.5 kg and 1.6 kg to 1 kg and it varies depending on the farm management and utilized breed.

Major poultry operations are fully integrated, including on-farm slaughtering facilities. They also have their marketing, sales and distribution staff and some even retail directly. Domestically produced poultry is generally marketed fresh/chilled. Summer heat causes both production and marketing problems when demand for poultry meat drops, as many UAE residents travel abroad fleeing the high temperature. During the summer months major operations will freeze some production. In an effort to expand market share some producers are producing limited amounts of chilled boneless or bonein parts. After the AI scare, the government banned backyard poultry production and the sales of live poultry. Spent hens are either destroyed or recycled in rendering plants. The same applies to chicken paws.

Minimum competition exists between domestic and imported poultry because of the price difference. Imported whole chicken retails at about $3/kg, whereas the cost of domestic chicken retails at about US $4.5/kg. Households with high disposable income, particularly Arabs, tend to consume domestically produced poultry in fresh/chilled form as it is perceived to be in full compliance with Halal slaughtering. To a lesser extent, local production is consumed at some institutions, such as universities, hospitals and the military, particularly in Abu Dhabi area.

UAE Poultry Direct Trade 2008 – 2011

In 2011, almost 96% of the total poultry imported by UAE were frozen chicken, 50% of which were frozen meat and edible offal of chicken not cut in pieces (HS Code 02071200), and 46% frozen cuts and offal parts (HS Code 02071400). Similarly, 98% of total exports were frozen chicken, 64% of which were frozen cuts and edible offal (HS Code 02071400), and 34% frozen meat and edible offal not cut in pieces (HS Code 02071200), and almost 94% of reexports were frozen chicken, 53% frozen cuts and edible offal (HS Code 02071400) and 41% frozen meat and edible offal not cut in pieces (HS Code 02071200).

Major poultry suppliers & their total poultry* exports to the UAE CY 2011

UAE total poultry* exports in CY 2011

US Egg and Egg Products Exports to the UAE Bird’s eggs in thousand dozen; egg products in metric tons.

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