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USDA International Meat Review


09 November 2012

USDA International Meat Review - 8 November 2012USDA International Meat Review - 8 November 2012

On October 26, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its Livestock Slaughter report. According to the numbers, during the third quarter of 2012, U.S. cattle slaughter totaled 8.20 million head.
USDA International Meat Review

North America

This was up slightly over the previous quarter but was down 4.7 percent from a year ago. Beef production during the third quarter increased 1.6 percent over the previous quarter to 6.50 billion pounds. However, this was 2.3 percent lower than a year ago. The average live weight for cattle at the end of September equaled 1,314 pounds, which was 34 pounds heavier than a year ago and just one pound less than the record of 1,315 pounds. During the first three quarters of 2012, U.S. total cattle slaughter was down 4.0 percent from last year, amounting to 24.29 million head. Year-to-date beef production totaled 19.09 billion pounds, 1.9 percent less than a year ago. In the meantime, during the third quarter of 2012, U.S. hog slaughter totaled 27.73 million head, which was 4.8 percent more than the previous quarter and was 2.2 percent more than a year ago. U.S. pork production during the third quarter rose 2.0 percent over the previous quarter to 5.59 billion pounds. Also, this was up 2.7 percent over a year ago. At the end of September, the average live hog weight equaled 271 pounds, unchanged from a year ago. Year-to-date U.S. hog slaughter totaled 82.07 million head, 2.2 percent higher than a year ago. Year-to-date pork production was 2.6 percent greater than last year, totaling 16.89 billion pounds. Meanwhile, during the third quarter, U.S. sheep and lamb slaughter totaled 510.6 thousand head. This was 5.3 percent more than the previous quarter and was 3.2 percent more than a year ago. Third quarter U.S. lamb and mutton production equaled 37.0 million pounds. This was a little higher than the previous quarter and was 10.1 percent higher than a year ago. Total sheep and lamb slaughter during the first three quarters of the year equaled 1.48 million head, which was 1.1 percent less than a year ago. Lamb and mutton production for the year-to-date was 4.4 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 110.9 million pounds. U.S. goat slaughter during the third quarter totaled 150.7 thousand head. Although this was up 10.8 percent over the previous quarter, it was down 6.6 percent from a year ago. Total year-to-date goat slaughter equaled 412.5 thousand head, which was 2.7 percent less than a year ago. To view the entire report, go to the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Recently, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), a division of the Department of Homeland Security, released the most current numbers on U.S. beef imports under a tariff rate quota (TRQ). According to the data, as of November 5, 2012, U.S. beef imports subject to a TRQ totaled 598,554 MT. This was 7.1 percent more than the same period a year ago. Beef imports from Australia were 43.0 percent above a year ago, totaling 173,840 MT. This filled 46.0 percent of the TRQ, up from 32.2 percent last year. Imports of beef from Canada, which do not fall under a TRQ, totaled 158,291 MT, which was 18.8 percent lower than a year ago. Beef imports from New Zealand equaled 142,417 MT, which was 4.7 percent higher than last year. This filled 66.7 percent of the country’s TRQ, compared to 63.7 percent a year ago. Beef imports from Uruguay were 57.7 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 13,910 MT. This filled 69.6 percent of the TRQ, up from 44.1 percent a year ago. The weekly report can be found on the CBP website at http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/trade/trade_programs/textiles_and_quotas/commodity/.

Pacific Rim

Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) recently released Japan’s August 2012 beef and pork import data. According to the statistics, during August, Japan imported 57,367 MT of beef. This was 14.0 percent more than July and was 21.6 percent more than August 2011. Additionally, this was the highest single month volume since July 2005. More specifically, imports of frozen beef equaled 36,330 MT, which was 23.9 percent higher than the previous month and was 22.2 percent higher than August 2011. Imports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 20,983 MT, which was unchanged from the previous month but was 20.7 percent higher than August 2011. During August, Japan’s beef imports from Australia rose 9.3 percent over the previous month and 11.8 percent over August 2011 to 32,465 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from Australia equaled 215,961 MT, which was 1.3 percent less than last year. Australia was the primary beef import market for Japan with 62.0 percent of the total. Beef imports from the U.S. during August totaled 16,775 MT, which was up 12.8 percent over the previous month and was up 33.2 percent over August 2011. Also, this was the largest single month volume since December 2003. Total year-to-date beef imports from the U.S. were 15.1 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 88,512 MT. Japan’s beef imports from New Zealand during August rose 9.3 percent over the previous month and 35.7 percent over August 2011. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand equaled 24,315 MT, 6.0 percent higher than last year. Overall, Japan’s total year-todate beef imports equaled 348,308 MT, which was 3.6 percent above the corresponding period a year ago. During July, Japan’s beef marketings equaled 71,386 MT, which was 7.7 percent higher than the previous month and was 1.8 percent higher than a year ago. Imported beef marketings were down 7.2 percent from last year, totaling 40,732 MT. Marketings of domestic beef totaled 30,654 MT, which was 16.7 percent more than a year ago. Japan’s beef stocks at the end of July equaled 99,384 MT, which was up 11.7 percent over the previous month and was up 2.0 percent over last year. Imported beef stocks totaled 82,726 MT, which was 3.8 percent lower than last year. Domestic beef stocks were 45.8 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 16,658 MT.

During August, Japan imported 72,768 MT of pork. This was up 10.9 percent over July and was up 14.4 percent over August 2011. Specifically, frozen pork imports totaled 49,453 MT, which was 10.5 percent higher than the previous month and was 19.8 percent higher than August 2011. Likewise, fresh, chilled pork imports were 11.8 percent higher than the previous month and were 4.3 percent higher than August 2011, totaling 23,311 MT. Japan’s pork imports from the U.S. during August rose 13.4 percent over the previous month to 26,552 MT. However, this was down 1.2 percent from August 2011. Year-to-date pork imports from the U.S. were slightly less than a year ago, totaling 212,931 MT. The U.S. was the main source for Japan’s pork imports with 41.1 percent of the total. During August, Japan’s pork imports from Canada fell 5.3 percent from the previous month to 16,252 MT. This was up 22.4 percent over August 2011. Total year-to-date pork imports from Canada equaled 114,526 MT, 6.1 percent greater than last year. Pork imports from Denmark during August equaled 13,686 MT. This was 9.9 percent more than the previous month and was 16.6 percent more than August 2011. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark were 5.6 percent lower than last year, amounting to 83,354 MT. Overall, Japan’s total year-to-date pork imports equaled 518,675 MT, which was nearly unchanged from the corresponding period a year ago. During July, Japan’s pork marketings totaled 133,788 MT. This was 3.4 percent lower than the previous month but was 2.4 percent higher than a year ago. Imported pork marketings were 4.4 percent less than last year, amounting to 63,255 MT. Marketings of domestic pork equaled 70,532 MT, which was up 9.3 percent over a year ago. At the end of July, Japan’s pork stocks totaled 171,229 MT. This was 1.4 percent more than the previous month but was 2.5 percent less than a year ago. Stocks of imported pork were down 1.9 percent from a year ago, totaling 150,808 MT. Domestic pork stocks totaled 20,421 MT, 6.8 percent lower than last year. Additional data is available on the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

Oceania

Recently, Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) published Australia’s red meat export data for October 2012. According to the numbers, during October, Australia exported 94,147 MT of beef and veal, which was up 17.8 percent over the previous month and was up 12.3 percent over October 2011. Additionally, this was the highest single month volume since November 2006. Specifically, frozen beef exports totaled 69,777 MT, which comprised 74.1 percent of the total. Fresh, chilled beef exports totaled 24,370 MT. Australia’s beef exports to Japan during October rose 8.3 percent over September to 24,537 MT. However, this was down 17.5 percent from October 2011. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan were 7.5 percent less than a year ago, totaling 257,535 MT. Japan was the main beef export market for Australia with 32.7 percent of the total. During October, beef exports to the U.S. totaled 19,135 MT, which was up 7.2 percent over the previous month and was up 56.9 percent over October 2011. Total year-to-date beef exports to the U.S. equaled 188,989 MT, 39.8 percent greater than last year. Australia’s beef exports to South Korea during October totaled 14,683 MT, which was 25.0 percent more than the previous month and was 20.0 percent more than October 2011. Also, this was the highest monthly volume since March 2011. Year-to-date beef exports to South Korea were 20.2 percent lower than last year, amounting to 96,884 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date beef and veal exports equaled 787,507 MT, which was 1.3 percent above the same period a year ago.

During October, Australia exported a record 18,574 MT of lamb, which was 32.3 percent more than the previous month and was 35.6 percent more than October 2011. Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East during October rose 25.4 percent over September and 79.3 percent over October 2011 to 5,320 MT. Year-to-date lamb exports to the Middle East totaled 41,823 MT, 51.2 percent above a year ago. The Middle East was Australia’s primary lamb export market with 27.3 percent of the total. Lamb exports to the U.S. during October totaled 3,522 MT. This was 32.7 percent higher than the previous month and was 25.3 percent higher than October 2011. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the U.S. were 4.9 percent more than last year, amounting to 30,281 MT. During October, Australia exported a record 2,693 MT of lamb to China. This was up 28.2 percent over the previous month and was up 68.7 percent over October 2011. Year-to-date lamb exports to China reached 23,341 MT, 34.2 percent more than a year ago. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date lamb exports equaled 153,441 MT, which was 16.0 percent greater than the same period a year ago due to higher supplies of lamb as well as lower priced product. Meanwhile, during October, Australia exported 12,460 MT of mutton, which was up 39.2 percent over September and was up 45.4 percent over October 2011. Also, this was the largest single month volume since December 2009. Australia’s mutton exports to the Middle East during October rose 31.1 percent over the previous month and 24.8 percent over October 2011 to 4,315 MT. Total year-to-date mutton exports to the Middle East were 17.6 percent higher than last year, amounting to 36,905 MT. The Middle East was Australia’s main mutton export market with 46.6 percent of the total. Mutton exports to China during October totaled a record 2,889 MT. This was 55.2 percent more than the previous month and was 271.3 percent more than October 2011. Year-to-date mutton exports to China were 139.9 percent above a year ago, totaling 8,863 MT. During October, Australia exported 1,070 MT of mutton to the U.S, the highest monthly volume since December 2010. This was a little higher than the previous month and was 271.5 percent higher than October 2011. Year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. totaled 6,345 MT, 87.9 percent more than last year. Overall, Australia’s total yearto- date mutton exports equaled 79,230 MT, 23.3 percent above the corresponding period a year ago. Additional data on Australia’s exports can be found on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

South America

Argentina’s National Service of Health, Food and Agriculture Quality (SENASA) recently published Argentina’s third quarter beef export numbers. The numbers include fresh beef, offals, processed beef and Hilton cuts. According to the data, during the third quarter of 2012, Argentina’s beef exports totaled 50,133 MT. This was 1.1 percent higher than the previous quarter but was 25.8 percent lower than a year ago. During the second quarter, beef exports to Russia rose 19.3 percent over the previous quarter to 11,078 MT. Additionally, this was 20.3 percent more than a year ago. During the first three quarters of the year, Argentina’s beef exports to Russia equaled 34,164 MT, which was up 1.4 percent over last year. Russia was the largest beef export market for Argentina with 21.2 percent of the total. Argentina’s beef exports to Hong Kong during the third quarter equaled 6,453 MT. This was down 11.5 percent from the previous quarter and was down 24.5 percent from a year ago. Year-to-date beef exports to Hong Kong totaled 22,145 MT, which was 16.7 percent below a year ago. During the third quarter, Argentina exported 6,463 MT of beef to Chile, which was up 8.3 percent over the previous month and was up 18.5 percent over a year ago. Total year-to-date beef exports to Chile were 36.2 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 18,931 MT. Beef exports to Israel during the third quarter rose 34.0 percent over the previous quarter to 6,297 MT. However, this was 21.7 percent lower than a year ago. During the first three quarters of the year, beef exports to Israel totaled 17,595 MT, which was 21.1 percent below a year ago. Beef exports to Germany during the third quarter equaled 4,844 MT, which was 5.1 percent less than the previous quarter and was 14.9 percent less than a year ago. During the first three quarters of the year, Argentina’s beef exports to Germany totaled 15,435 MT, 19.7 percent lower than last year. Total year to date beef exports to the U.S. were 95.2 percent below a year ago, amounting to 387 MT. During the first three quarters of 2012, Argentina’s main beef export market for Hilton cuts was Germany with 62.8 percent of the total. The primary fresh beef export market was Chile with 28.3 percent. The largest processed beef export market, with 16.4 percent of the total, was the UK. The main offal market was Russia with 30.7 percent of the total exports. Of Argentina’s total beef exports during the first three quarters of 2012, 41.6 percent was fresh beef, 44.6 percent consisted of offals, 9.8 percent was Hilton cuts, and 4.0 percent comprised processed beef. Overall, Argentina’s total beef exports during the first three quarters of 2012 equaled 161,126 MT, which was 20.9 percent less than the same period a year ago.

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